Pronouns

Basque Lesson 8 (Pronouns and Travel)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Basque Lessons
Linguistic Basque Vocabulary
Culture Basque Phrases
Structure Basque Grammar

The 8th lesson contains the Basque pronouns including the subject, object and possessive forms. In addition, you will find a vocabulary list about travel and finally some general common phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Basque Classes.

Pronouns

Pronouns are a must to learn because they are part of almost every sentence. They make up about 20% of the daily language use which includes the subject, object and possessive pronoun. If there is an lesson you should NOT skip, this would be one of them.

We will start with the subject pronouns since it's the most used of the 4 forms that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Basque, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Subject Pronouns in Basque

Pronouns Basque
Ini
Youzu
Hehura, bera
Shehura, bera
Wegu
You (plural)Guk.
Theyhaiek
I love youMaite zaitut.
She is beautifulBera oso polita da.
They are dancingDantza egiten ari dira.
We are happyOso pozik gaude.

Object pronouns are another important one you should make sure you master.

Object Pronouns in Basque

Pronouns Basque
Meni -
Youzu -
Himhura -, bera -
Herhura -, bera -
Usgu -
You (plural)Eurak.
Themhoriek -, haiek -
Can you call us?Dei diezagukezu?
Give me your phone numberEmaidazu zure telefono zenbakia.
I can give you my emailNire emaila eman diezaizuket.
Tell him to call meEzaiozu ni deitzeko.

Now we will discuss the possessive pronoun also called possessive determiners which is very straight forward and self explanatory. You use it when you want to express that something belongs to you but usually it comes before a noun.

Possessive Pronouns Basque

Pronouns Basque
Mynire
Yourzure
Hisbere
Herbere
Ourgure
Your (plural)
Theirberaien
His email is...Bere emaila....da.
My phone number is...Nire telefono zenbakia... da.
Our dream is to visit SpainGure ametsa Espainia bisitatzea da.
Their country is beautifulEuren herria polita da.

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Basque contact form on the header above.

As for the possessive case of the pronoun, it is used differently because it does not have to come before a noun. Check out the examples!

Possessive Case of the Pronoun in Basque

Pronouns Basque
Minenirea
Yourszurea
Hisberea
HersBerea
Oursgurea
Yours (plural)
Theirshaiena
Is this pen yours?Boligrafo hau zurea da?
The book is mineLiburua nirea da.
The shoes are hersZapatak bereak dira.
Victory is oursGaraipena gure da.

Vocabulary List about Travel

Below is a list of 31 words and expressions related to travel such as means of transportation, lodging and tourism. If you memorize them by heart, you will be able to get around the country and ask for directions much easier than if you did not.

Travel List in Basque

Travel Basque
Airplanehegazkina
Airportaireportua
Busautobusa
Bus stationAutobus geltokia.
Carautoa
FlightHegaldia.
For businessLan bidaia.
For pleasurePlazer bidaia.
Help DeskInformazio bulegoa.
Hotelhotela
Luggageekipajea
ParkingAparkalekua.
Passportpasaportea
Reservationerreserba
Taxitaxia
Tickettxartela
To travelBidaiatzea.
TourismTurismoa.
Train (noun)trena
Train stationTren geltokia.
By trainTrenez.
By carAutoz.
By busAutobusez.
By taxiTaxiz.
By airplaneHegazkinez.

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Daily Conversation in Basque

Finally, a list of sentences that you might need or see often. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Basque Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Basque

English Basque
Do you accept credit cards?Kreditu txartela onartzen duzu?
How much will it cost?Zenbat balioko du?
I have a reservationErreserba eginda daukat.
I'd like to rent a carAutoa alokatzea nahiko nuke.
I'm here on business / on vacation.Lanagatik/oporretan nago hemen.
Is this seat taken?Aulki/Jarleku hau okupatuta dago?
It was nice meeting youPolita izan da zu ezagutzea.
Take this! (when giving something)Tori hau!
Do you like it?Gogoko duzu?
I really like it!Benetan dut gogoko!
I'm just kiddingTxantxetan nago!
I'm hungryGose naiz.
I'm thirstyEgarri naiz.

Fun Facts

Language Quote: Approximately one new word is added to the English language every two hours and around 4,000 new words are added to the English dictionary every year..

Congratulations! You finished your 8th lesson in Basque about the pronouns, and travel expressions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Basque Lesson 9. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Basque homepage.

Lessons Basque Lessons
Linguistic Basque Vocabulary
Culture Basque Phrases
Structure Basque Grammar