This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Basque like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Basque Classes.
Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.
Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Basque, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
|In front of||aurrean|
|On top of||…aren gainean|
|About (in regards to)||buruzko|
|As (similar to)||bezala|
Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Basque sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.
|Can I practice Italian with you?||Zurekin italiera praktikatu dezaket/nezake?|
|I speak French but with an accent||Frantsesez hitz egiten dut, baina azentuaz.|
|I was born in Miami||Miamin jaio nintzen.|
|I'm from Japan||Japonekoa naiz.|
|The letter is inside the book||Eskutitza liburu barruan dago.|
|The pen is under the desk||Boligrafoa mahai azpian dago.|
|Can I help you?||Lagundu diezaizuket?|
If you have any questions, please contact me using the Basque contact form on the header above.
Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.
|Can you help me?||Lagundu diezadakezu?|
|Can you show me?||Erakutsi diezadakezu?|
|Come with me!||Etor zaitez nirekin!|
|Downtown (city center)||Hiri erdigunea.|
|Excuse me! (to ask someone)||Barkatu!|
|Go straight||Zuzen joan.|
|How can I get to the museum?||Nola heldu nahiteke museora?|
|How long does it take to get there?||Zenbat denbora behar da hara heltzeko?|
|I'm lost||Galduta nago.|
|I'm not from here||Ez naiz hemengoa.|
|It's far from here||Hemendik urrun dago.|
|It's near here||Hemendik gertu dago.|
|One moment please!||Itxon pixka bat, mesedez!|
|Turn left||Ezkerretara biratu.|
|Turn right||Eskumatara biratu.|
Our goal is to make this website the best in the world and 100% free. If you donate to us, we will put the donated money into improving the site even more by adding content and services. You are kindly welcome to do so here: Donate. If you cannot donate, please tell your friends about the site.
Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Basque. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Basque Phrases page. Enjoy!
|Do you speak English?||Ingelesez hitz egiten duzu? Ingelesez badakizu?|
|Just a little||Pixka bat bakarrik.|
|What's your name?||Zein da zure izena?|
|My name is (John Doe)||Nire izena (John Doe) da.|
|Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...||Jauna (Mr)/ Anderea(Mrs/Mss).|
|Nice to meet you!||Plazer bat zu ezagutzea!|
|You're very kind!||Oso jatorra zara!|
Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..
Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Basque about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Basque Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Basque homepage.