Plural

Basque Lesson 3 (Plural and Languages)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Basque Lessons
Linguistic Basque Vocabulary
Culture Basque Phrases
Structure Basque Grammar

The 3rd lesson is about the plural in Basque and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Basque Classes.

Plural

Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word "book" to "books" or "woman" to "women".

Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, Basque, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Singular vs. Plural in Basque

English Basque
Countryherrialdea
CountriesHerrialdeak.
Lakelakua
LakesLakuak.
LanguageHizkuntza.
LanguagesHizkuntzak.
Womanemakumea
Womenemakumeak
Mangizona
Mengizonak
Boymutila
BoysMutilak.
Girlneska
GirlsNeskak.

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Basque sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.

Singular vs. Plural in a Sentence

English Basque
We speak two languagesGuk bi huzkuntza hitz egiten ditugu.
They speak four languagesLau hizkuntza hitz egiten ditut.
I visited one countryHerrialde bat bisitatu dut.
She visited three countriesBerak hiru herrilde bisitatu ditu.
She has one sisterAhizpa bat dauka.
He has two sistersBerak bi arreba ditu.

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Basque contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Languages, Nationalities, and Countries

Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.

Languages Nationalities and Countries List in Basque

English Basque
Arabic (language)arabiera
Moroccan (nationality)Marokoarra.
Morocco (country)maroko
Brazilian (language)Brasilera.
Brazilian (nationality)Brasildarra.
Brazil (country)Brazil.
Chinese (language)txinera
Chinese (nationality)Txinoa.
China (country)txina
English (language)Basque
British (nationality)Ingelesa.
Britain (country)Erresuma Batuak.
American (nationality)Amerikarra.
America (country)Amerika.
French (language)frantsesa
French (nationality)Frantsesa.
France (country)frantzia
German (language)alemana
German (nationality)Alemana. Alemaniarra.
Germany (country)alemania
Greek (language)greziera
Greek (nationality)Grekoa.
Greece (country)grezia
Hindi (language)hindi
Indian (nationality)Indiarra.
India (country)india
Irish (language)Irlandera.
Irish (nationality)Irlandarra.
Ireland (country)Irlanda.
Italian (language)italiera
Italian (nationality)Italianoa.
Italy (country)italia
Japanese (language)japoniera
Japanese (nationality)Japoniarra.
Japan (country)japonia
Korean (language)Korearra
Korean (nationality)Korearra.
Korea (country)Korea.
Persian (language)Persiera.
Iranian (nationality)Iraniarra.
Iran (country)Iran.
Portuguese (language)Portugalera.
Portuguese (nationality)Portugaldarra.
Portugal (country)Portugal.
Russian (language)errusiera
Russian (nationality)Errusiarra.
Russia (country)errusia
Spanish (language)gaztelania
Spanish (nationality)Espainola.
Spain (country)espainia

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Daily Conversation in Basque

Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Basque Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Basque

English Basque
Languages
I don't speak KoreanEz dut korearrez hitz egiten.
I love the Japanese languageJaponiera maite dut. Japoniera dut gogoko.
I speak ItalianItaliarrez hitz egiten dut.
I want to learn SpanishErdera ikasi nahi dut.
My mother tongue is GermanNire ama hizkuntza alemaniarra da.
Spanish is easy to learnErdera erraza da ikasteko.
Origins
He has a Moroccan rugManta hau marokoarra da.
I have an American carNire autoa amerikarra da.
I love French cheeseGazta frantsesa dut gogoko.
I'm ItalianItaliarra naiz.
My father is GreekNire aita grekoa da.
My wife is KoreanNire emaztea korearra da.
Countries
Have you ever been to India?Noiz bait Indian egon zara?
I came from SpainEspainiakoa naiz.
I live in AmericaAmeriketan bizi naiz.
I want to go to GermanyAlemaniara joatea nahi dut.
I was born in ItalyItalian jaioa naiz.
Japan is a beautiful countryJapon herrialde polita da.
Phrases
Long time no seeAspaldi elkar ikusi gabe.
I missed youFaltan bota zaitut.
What's new?Zer berri?
Nothing newEzer berririk ez.
Make yourself at home!Xure etxean egongo bazina bezela!
Have a good tripBidai ona izan!

Fun Facts

Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.

Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in Basque about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Basque Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Basque homepage.

Lessons Basque Lessons
Linguistic Basque Vocabulary
Culture Basque Phrases
Structure Basque Grammar