Verbs

Basque Lesson 12 (Verbs and Time)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Basque Lessons
Linguistic Basque Vocabulary
Culture Basque Phrases
Structure Basque Grammar

This is the 12th lesson about Basque verbs, as well as time expressions such as hours, days, and months. Finally some simple common phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Basque Classes.

Verbs

Before we move on to lessons about the present, past, and future, we need to discuss verbs in general. The verb is the second most used part of speech after the noun. That means we need to pay more attention to its different forms and tenses.

Below is a list of 16 verbs that you might come across or use very often. They are in their raw format (not conjugated yet). The table contains 3 columns (English, Basque, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Verbs List in Basque

Verbs Basque
To driveGidatu.
To findGidatu.
To giveEman.
To haveEduki.
To knowJakin.
To learnIkasi.
To loveMaitatu.
To playJolastu.
To readIrakurri.
To seeIkusi.
To smileIrribarre egin.
To speakHitz egin.
To thinkPentsatu.
To understandUlertu.
To workLan egin.
To writeIdatzi.

Here is an example of the verb "to understand" conjugated into the past, present, and future.

Verb "to understand" in a Sentence

He understands meBerak ulertzen nau.
He understood meBerak ulertu ninduen.
He will understand meBerak ulertuko nau.

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Basque contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Time

Below is a list of 30 words related to time such as hours, days and months. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to discuss time related topics more easily.

Time in Basque

Time Basque
DaysEgunak
Mondayastelehena
Tuesdayasteartea
Wednesdayasteazkena
Thursdayosteguna
Fridayostirala
Saturdaylarunbata
Sundayigandea
JanuaryUrtarrila
FebruaryOtsaila
MarchMartxoa
AprilApirila
MayMaiatza
JuneEkaina
JulyUztaila
AugustAbuztua
SeptemberIraila
OctoberUrria
NovemberAzaroa
DecemberAbendua
Autumnudazkena
Winternegua
Springudaberria
Summeruda
SeasonsUrtaroak
MonthsHilebeteak
Timedenbora
Hourordua
Minuteminutua
Secondbigarrena

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Daily Conversation in Basque

Finally, here are some popular phrases you might need to use daily. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Basque Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Basque

English Basque
I was born in JulyUztailan jaio nintzen.
I will visit you in AugustAbuztuan bisita egingo dizut.
See you tomorrow!Bihar arte
Today is MondayGaur astelehena da.
Winter is very cold hereNegua oso hotza da hemen
Yesterday was SundayAtzo igandea izan zen.
Are you married?Ezkonduta zaude?
I'm singleEzkongabea naiz.
Would you marry me?Nirekin ezkontzea nahiko zenuke?
Can I have your phone number?Zure telefono zenbakia eman diezadakezu?
Can I have your email?Zure emaila izan dezaket?

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝Learn everything you can, anytime you can, from anyone you can; there will always come a time when you will be grateful you did.❞ ‒Sarah Caldwell

Congratulations! You finished your 12th lesson in Basque about verbs, and time. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Basque Lesson 13. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Basque homepage.

Lessons Basque Lessons
Linguistic Basque Vocabulary
Culture Basque Phrases
Structure Basque Grammar