Adjectives

Basque Lesson 2 (Adjectives and Food)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Basque Lessons
Linguistic Basque Vocabulary
Culture Basque Phrases
Structure Basque Grammar

This second lesson teaches many important aspect in Basque like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Basque Classes.

Adjectives

Knowing adjectives in Basque is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as "good", "bad", "right", "wrong" etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. Basque is easy.

Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Basque, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Adjectives List in Basque

Adjectives Basque
Tallaltua, garaia
Shortlabura
Bighandia
Widezabala
Longluzea
Smalltxikia
Thicklodia
Thinmehea
Newberria
Old (opposite of new)Zaharra.
CheapMerkea.
Expensivegarestia
Younggaztea
Old (opposite of young)Zaharra/Nagusia.
Wrongokerra
Right (correct)zuzena
GoodOndo. Ongi. Ederto.
BadTxarto. Gaizki.
Difficultzaila
Easyerraza

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Basque sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Basque Adjectives in a Sentence

English Basque
Am I right or wrong?Zuzen edo oker nago?
Is he younger or older than you?Bera zu baino nagusiagoa edo gazteagoa da?
Is the test easy or difficult?Azterketa hau erraza edo zaila da?
Is this book new or old?Liburu hau zaharra edo berria da?
This is so expensiveHau oso garestia da.

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Basque contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Food

Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.

Food List in Basque

Food Basque
Breakfastgosaria
Lunchbazkaria
Dinnerafaria
Mealbazkaria
Applessagarrak
AvocadosAguakateak.
Bananasbananak. Platanoak.
BeansBabarrunak.
Breadogia
Buttergurina
Carrots azenarioak
Cheesegazta
Chickenoilaskoa
Coffeekafea
CornArtoa.
CucumbersPepinoa.
EggsArraultzak.
FigsPikuak.
Fisharraina
FoodElikadura Janaria.
Fruitfruta
GarlicBaratxuria.
GrapesMahatsak.
Ice creamizozkia
LemonsLimoiak.
LettuceLetxuga.
Meatharagia
Milkesnea
OlivesAzeitunak.
Onionstipulak
Orange juiceLaraina zukua.
Orangeslaranjak
PeachesMelokotoiak.
PearsMadariak.
PeppersPiperrak.
PineapplesPiƱak.
PizzaPizza.
Potatoespatatak
PumpkinKalabaza.
Saladentsalada
Saltgatza
Sandwichsandwicha
Soda (like Coke)Freskagarria.
StrawberriesMarrubiak
Sugarazukrea
TeaTea.
Tomatoestomateak
VegetablesBarazkiak.
WaterUra
WatermelonMeloiak.

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Daily Conversation in Basque

Finally, a list of sentences using the vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Basque Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Basque

English Basque
Are you thirsty?Egarri zara?
I'm hungryGose naiz.
Do you have a bottle of water?Badaukazu ur botilarik?
Breakfast is readyGosaria prest dago.
What kind of food do you like?Zein janari mota gustatzen zaizu?
I like cheeseGazta dut gogoko. Gazta gustatzen zait.
Bananas taste sweetBananak gozoak dira.
I don't like cucumberEz dut pepeinoa maite. Pepinoa ez dut gogoko.
I like bananasBananak ditut gogoko.
Lemons taste sourLimoiak garratz dira.
This fruit is deliciousFruta hau edarra dago. Fruta hau oso ona dago.
Vegetables are healthyBarazkiak osasuntsuak dira.
Hi!Kaixo!
Good morning!Egun on!
Good afternoon!Arratsalde on!
Good evening!Gabon!
Welcome!Ongi etorri!
How are you? (informal)Zer moduz zaude?
How are you? (formal)Zer moduz?
What's up? (colloquial) Zer gertatzen da?
I'm fine, thank you!Ondo nago, eskerrik asko!
And you? (informal)Eta zu zer moduz zaude?
And you? (formal)Eta zu?
GoodOndo. Ongi. Ederto.

Fun Facts

Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.

Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in Basque about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Basque Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Basque homepage.

Lessons Basque Lessons
Linguistic Basque Vocabulary
Culture Basque Phrases
Structure Basque Grammar