Persian Lesson 4 (Prepositions and Directions)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Persian Lessons
Linguistic Persian Vocabulary
Culture Persian Phrases
Structure Persian Grammar

This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Persian like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Persian Classes.


Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.

Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Persian, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Prepositions List in Persian

Prepositions Persian Audio
In front ofدر مقابل
Behindپشت سر
Beforeقبل از
Afterپس از
Outsideخارج از
On top ofدر بالای
About (in regards to)درباره
Againstدر برابر
As (similar to)مانند
Inدر، طی
Instead ofبه جای
Sinceپس از

Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Persian sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Persian Prepositions in a Sentence

English Persian Audio
Can I practice Italian with you?آیا می‌توانم با تو ایتالیایی تمرین کنم؟
I speak French but with an accentمن فرانسه صحبت می‌کنم اما کمی لهجه دارم
I was born in Miamiمن در میامی به دنیا آمدم
I'm from Japanمن اهل ژاپن هستم
The letter is inside the bookنامه داخل کتاب است
The pen is under the deskخودکار زیر میز است
Can I help you?می توانم کمکتان کنم؟


If you have any questions, please contact me using the Persian contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Directions

Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.

Giving Directions in Persian

Directions Persian Audio
Can you help me?می توانید به من کمک کنید؟
Can you show me?می‌توانید به من نشان بدهید؟
Come with me!با من بیاید
Downtown (city center)مرکز شهر
Excuse me! (to ask someone)ببخشید!
Go straightمستقیم بروید
How can I get to the museum? چگونه می توانم به موزه بروم؟
How long does it take to get there?چه مدت طول می‌کشد تا به آنجا برسیم؟
I'm lostمن گم شده‌ام
I'm not from hereمن اهل اینجا نیستم
It's far from hereاز اینجا دور است
It's near hereبه اینجا نزدیک است
One moment please!یک لحظه صبر کنید!
Turn leftبه سمت چپ بروید
Turn rightبه سمت راست بروید
To driveبه
To turnدور زدن
To walkپیاده رفتن
Traffic lightچراغ راهنمایی
Transportationحمل و نقل


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Daily Conversation in Persian

Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Persian. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Persian Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Persian

English Persian Audio
Do you speak English?انگلیسی می‌دانید؟
Just a littleیک کم
What's your name?اسم شما چیست؟
My name is (John Doe)اسم من (جان دو) است
Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...آقای ... / خانم ...
Nice to meet you!از دیدنتان خوشحال شدم
You're very kind!خیلی لطف دارید

Fun Facts

Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..

Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Persian about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Persian Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Persian homepage.

Lessons Persian Lessons
Linguistic Persian Vocabulary
Culture Persian Phrases
Structure Persian Grammar