This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Persian like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Persian Classes.
Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.
Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Persian, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
|In front of||در مقابل|
|On top of||در بالای|
|About (in regards to)||درباره|
|As (similar to)||مانند|
|Instead of||به جای|
Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Persian sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.
|Can I practice Italian with you?||آیا میتوانم با تو ایتالیایی تمرین کنم؟|
|I speak French but with an accent||من فرانسه صحبت میکنم اما کمی لهجه دارم|
|I was born in Miami||من در میامی به دنیا آمدم|
|I'm from Japan||من اهل ژاپن هستم|
|The letter is inside the book||نامه داخل کتاب است|
|The pen is under the desk||خودکار زیر میز است|
|Can I help you?||می توانم کمکتان کنم؟|
If you have any questions, please contact me using the Persian contact form on the header above.
Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.
|Can you help me?||می توانید به من کمک کنید؟|
|Can you show me?||میتوانید به من نشان بدهید؟|
|Come with me!||با من بیاید|
|Downtown (city center)||مرکز شهر|
|Excuse me! (to ask someone)||ببخشید!|
|Go straight||مستقیم بروید|
|How can I get to the museum?||چگونه می توانم به موزه بروم؟|
|How long does it take to get there?||چه مدت طول میکشد تا به آنجا برسیم؟|
|I'm lost||من گم شدهام|
|I'm not from here||من اهل اینجا نیستم|
|It's far from here||از اینجا دور است|
|It's near here||به اینجا نزدیک است|
|One moment please!||یک لحظه صبر کنید!|
|Turn left||به سمت چپ بروید|
|Turn right||به سمت راست بروید|
|To turn||دور زدن|
|To walk||پیاده رفتن|
|Traffic light||چراغ راهنمایی|
|Transportation||حمل و نقل|
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Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Persian. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Persian Phrases page. Enjoy!
Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..
Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Persian about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Persian Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Persian homepage.