Persian Lesson 12 (Verbs and Time)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Persian Lessons
Linguistic Persian Vocabulary
Culture Persian Phrases
Structure Persian Grammar

This is the 12th lesson about Persian verbs, as well as time expressions such as hours, days, and months. Finally some simple common phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Persian Classes.


Before we move on to lessons about the present, past, and future, we need to discuss verbs in general. The verb is the second most used part of speech after the noun. That means we need to pay more attention to its different forms and tenses.

Below is a list of 16 verbs that you might come across or use very often. They are in their raw format (not conjugated yet). The table contains 3 columns (English, Persian, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Verbs List in Persian

Verbs Persian Audio
To driveبا ماشین رفتن
To findرانندگی کردن
To giveدادن
To haveداشتن
To knowدانستن
To learnیاد گرفتن
To loveدوست داشتن
To playبازی کردن
To readخواندن
To seeدیدن
To smileلبخند زدن
To speakصحبت کردن
To thinkفکر کردن
To understandفهمیدن
To workکار کردن
To writeنوشتن

Here is an example of the verb "to understand" conjugated into the past, present, and future.

Verb "to understand" in a Sentence

He understands meاو من را می‌فهمد
He understood meاو من را درک می‌کرد
He will understand meاو من را درک خواهد کرد


If you have any questions, please contact me using the Persian contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Time

Below is a list of 30 words related to time such as hours, days and months. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to discuss time related topics more easily.

Time in Persian

Time Persian Audio
Tuesdayسه شنبه
Thursdayپنج شنبه
Seasonsفصل ها / فصول
Monthsماه ها


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Daily Conversation in Persian

Finally, here are some popular phrases you might need to use daily. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Persian Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Persian

English Persian Audio
I was born in Julyمن در ماه جولای به دنیا آمده ام
I will visit you in Augustدر ماه آگوست می بينمت
See you tomorrow!فردا می بينمت
Today is Mondayامروز دوشتبه است
Winter is very cold hereزمستان اينجا خيلی سرد است
Yesterday was Sundayديروز يک شنبه بود
Are you married?متأهل هستی؟
I'm singleمن مجرد هستم
Would you marry me?با من ازدواج می‌کنی؟
Can I have your phone number?می‌شود شماره تلفنت را داشته باشم؟
Can I have your email?می‌شود ایمیلت را داشته باشم؟

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝Learn everything you can, anytime you can, from anyone you can; there will always come a time when you will be grateful you did.❞ ‒Sarah Caldwell

Congratulations! You finished your 12th lesson in Persian about verbs, and time. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Persian Lesson 13. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Persian homepage.

Lessons Persian Lessons
Linguistic Persian Vocabulary
Culture Persian Phrases
Structure Persian Grammar