Adjectives

Persian Lesson 2 (Adjectives and Food)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Persian Lessons
Linguistic Persian Vocabulary
Culture Persian Phrases
Structure Persian Grammar

This second lesson teaches many important aspect in Persian like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Persian Classes.

Adjectives

Knowing adjectives in Persian is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as "good", "bad", "right", "wrong" etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. Persian is easy.

Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Persian, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Adjectives List in Persian

Adjectives Persian Audio
Tallقد بلند
Shortکوتاه
Bigبزرگ
Wideوسیع
Longدراز / کشیده / طولانی
Smallکوچک
Thickضخیم
Thinنازک
Newجدید
Old (opposite of new)کهنه
Cheapارزان
Expensiveگران
Youngجوان
Old (opposite of young)پیر
Wrongاشتباه
Right (correct)درست
Goodخوب
Badبد
Difficultدشوار
Easyساده

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Persian sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Persian Adjectives in a Sentence

English Persian Audio
Am I right or wrong?حق با من است یا نه؟
Is he younger or older than you?او از تو بزرگتر است یا کوچکتر؟
Is the test easy or difficult?امتحان آسان است یا سخت؟
Is this book new or old?این کتاب جدید است یا قدیمی؟
This is so expensiveخیلی گران است

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Persian contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Food

Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.

Food List in Persian

Food Persian Audio
Breakfastصبحانه
Lunchناهار
Dinnerشام
Mealغذا
Applesسیب
Avocadosاواکادو
Bananasموز
Beansلوبیا
Breadنان
Butterکره
Carrots هویج
Cheeseپنیر
Chickenجوجه
Coffeeقهوه
Cornذرت
Cucumbersخیار
Eggsتخم مرغ
Figsانجير
Fishماهی
Foodغذا
Fruitمیوه
Garlicسير
Grapesانگور
Ice creamبستنی
Lemonsلیمو ترش
Lettuceکلم
Meatگوشت
Milkشیر
Olivesزيتون
Onionsپیاز
Orange juiceآب میوه پرتقالی
Orangesپرتقال
Peachesهلو
Pearsگلابی
Peppersفلفل
Pineapplesآناناس
Pizzaپيتزا
Potatoesسیب زمینی
Pumpkinکدو تنبل
Saladسالاد
Saltنمک
Sandwichساندویچ
Soda (like Coke)نوشابه های گاز دار
Strawberriesتوت فرنگی
Sugarشکر
Teaچای
Tomatoesگوجه فرنگی
Vegetablesسبزيجات
Waterآب
Watermelonهندوانه

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Daily Conversation in Persian

Finally, a list of sentences using the vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Persian Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Persian

English Persian Audio
Are you thirsty?شما تشنه هستيد؟
I'm hungryمن گرسنه هستم
Do you have a bottle of water?يک بطری آب داريد؟
Breakfast is readyصبحانه آماده است
What kind of food do you like?چه نوع غذایی را دوست داريد؟
I like cheeseمن پنیر دوست دارم
Bananas taste sweetموز شیرین است
I don't like cucumberمن خیار دوست ندارم
I like bananasمن موز دوست دارم
Lemons taste sourلیمو ترش است
This fruit is deliciousاین ميوه خوشمزه است
Vegetables are healthyسبزیجات سالم هستند
Hi!درود
Good morning!صبح بخير
Good afternoon!ظهر بخير
Good evening!عصر بخير
Welcome!!خوش آمديد
How are you? (informal)حال شما چطور است؟
How are you? (formal)چطوری؟
What's up? (colloquial) چه می گذرد؟
I'm fine, thank you!خوبم! ممنون!
And you? (informal)شما چطور؟
And you? (formal)تو چطور؟
Goodخوب

Fun Facts

Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.

Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in Persian about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Persian Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Persian homepage.

Lessons Persian Lessons
Linguistic Persian Vocabulary
Culture Persian Phrases
Structure Persian Grammar