Prepositions

Marathi Lesson 4 (Prepositions and Directions)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Marathi Lessons
Linguistic Marathi Vocabulary
Culture Marathi Phrases
Structure Marathi Grammar

This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Marathi like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Marathi Classes.

Prepositions

Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.

Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Marathi, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Prepositions List in Marathi

Prepositions Marathi
In front ofच्या समोर
Cyā samōra
Behindमागे
māgē
Beforeआधी
ādhī
Afterनंतर
nantara
Insideआतल्या बाजूला
ātalyā bājūlā
Withसोबत
sōbata
Withoutशिवाय, वगळून
śivāya, vagaḷūna
Outsideबाहेरच्या बाजूला
bāhēracyā bājūlā
On top ofच्या वर
cyā vara
Underखाली
khālī
About (in regards to)विषयी
viṣayī
Againstविरुद्ध
virud'dha
Andआणि
āṇi
As (similar to)सारखो
sārakhō
Betweenमध्ये
madhyē
Butपण, परंतु
paṇa, parantu
Forसाठी
sāṭhī
Fromपासून
pāsūna
Inआत
āta
Instead ofच्या ऐवजी
cyā aivajī
Nearजवळ
javaḷa
Ofचा
Orकिंवा
kinvā
Sinceपासून
pāsūna
Soम्हणून
mhaṇūna
Toटीप
ṭīpa
Untilनाही तोपर्यंत
nāhī tōparyanta

Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Marathi sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Marathi Prepositions in a Sentence

English Marathi
Can I practice Italian with you?मी तुमच्याबरोबर इटालीयनचा सराव करु शकतो/शकते का?
mī tumacyābarōbara iṭālīyanacā sarāva karu śakatō/śakatē kā?
I speak French but with an accentमी फ्रेंच बोलतो/बोलते पण एका लकबीने
Mī phrēn̄ca bōlatō/bōlatē paṇa ēkā lakabīnē
I was born in Miamiमाझा जन्म मियामीत झाला
mājhā janma miyāmīta jhālā
I'm from Japanमी जपानी आहे.
mī japānī āhē.
The letter is inside the bookपत्र पुस्तकात आहे
Patra pustakāta āhē
The pen is under the deskपेन डेस्कच्या खाली आहे
pēna ḍēskacyā khālī āhē
Directions
Can I help you?मी तुला / तुम्हाला मदत करू शकते का / शकतो का?
mī tulā/ tumhālā madata karū śakatē kā/ śakatō kā?

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Marathi contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Directions

Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.

Giving Directions in Marathi

Directions Marathi
Can you help me?तुम्ही मला मदत कराल का? / तू मला मदत करशील का?
Tumhī malā madata karāla kā? / Tū malā madata karaśīla kā?
Can you show me?तुम्ही मला दाखवु शकाल का?
Tumhī malā dākhavu śakāla kā?
Come with me!माझ्याबरोबर या .
Mājhyābarōbara yā.
Downtown (city center)शहराचा मध्यवर्ती भाग
Śaharācā madhyavartī bhāga
Excuse me! (to ask someone)माफ करा
māpha karā
Go straightसरळ जा.
saraḷa jā.
How can I get to the museum? मी वस्तुसंग्रहालयाकडे कशी(कोणत्या मार्गाने) जाऊ शकते /कसा जाऊ शकतो ?
Mī vastusaṅgrahālayākaḍē kaśī(kōṇatyā mārgānē) jā'ū śakatē/kasā jā'ū śakatō?
How long does it take to get there?तिथे जाण्यासाठी किती वेळ लागेल ?
Tithē jāṇyāsāṭhī kitī vēḷa lāgēla?
I'm lostमी हरवलो आहे./ मी हरवले आहे.
Mī haravalō āhē./ Mī haravalē āhē.
I'm not from hereमी इथला नाही. / मी इथली नाही.
Mī ithalā nāhī. / Mī ithalī nāhī.
It's far from hereइथून लांब आहे.
Ithūna lāmba āhē.
It's near hereइथून जवळच आहे.
Ithūna javaḷaca āhē.
One moment please!कृपया क्षणभर थांबा !
Kr̥payā kṣaṇabhara thāmbā!
Turn leftडावीकडे वळा.
Ḍāvīkaḍē vaḷā.
Turn rightउजवीकडे वळा.
Ujavīkaḍē vaḷā.
Farदूर
Dūra
Hereइथे
ithē
Leftडावा
ḍāvā
Rightउजवा
ujavā
Nearजवळ
javaḷa
Straightसरळ
saraḷa
Thereतिथे
tithē
To driveकडे
kaḍē
To turnवळणे
vaḷaṇē
To walkचालणे
cālaṇē
Traffic lightट्रॅफिक लाइट
ṭrĕphika lā'iṭa
Transportationवाहतुक /दळणवळण
vāhatuka/daḷaṇavaḷaṇa 

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Daily Conversation in Marathi

Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Marathi. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Marathi Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Marathi

English Marathi
Do you speak English?तुम्ही इंग्रजी बोलु शकता का ?
tumhī iṅgrajī bōlu śakatā kā?
Just a littleथोडं थोडं!
Thōḍaṁ thōḍaṁ!
What's your name?तुझ/तुमच नाव काय आहे ?
Tujha/tumaca nāva kāya āhē?
My name is (John Doe)माझे नाव जॉन डो आहे
Mājhē nāva jŏna ḍō āhē
Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...श्री/सौ/कु.
śrī/sau/ku.
Nice to meet you!आपल्याला भेटुन आनंद झाला !
Āpalyālā bhēṭuna ānanda jhālā!
You're very kind!तु / तुम्ही फार दयाळु आहेस/आहात .
Tu/ tumhī phāra dayāḷu āhēsa/āhāta.

Fun Facts

Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..

Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Marathi about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Marathi Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Marathi homepage.

Lessons Marathi Lessons
Linguistic Marathi Vocabulary
Culture Marathi Phrases
Structure Marathi Grammar