Plural

Marathi Lesson 3 (Plural and Languages)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Marathi Lessons
Linguistic Marathi Vocabulary
Culture Marathi Phrases
Structure Marathi Grammar

The 3rd lesson is about the plural in Marathi and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Marathi Classes.

Plural

Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word "book" to "books" or "woman" to "women".

Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, Marathi, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Singular vs. Plural in Marathi

English Marathi
Countryदेश
dēśa
Countriesदेश
dēśa
Lakeतलाव
talāva
Lakesतलाव
talāva
Languageभाषा
bhāṣā
Languagesभाषा
bhāṣā
Womanस्त्री
strī
Womenबायका /स्त्रिया
bāyakā/striyā
Manपुरुष
puruṣa
Menपुरुष
puruṣa
Boyमुलगा
mulagā
Boysमुलगे
mulagē
Girlमुलगी
mulagī
Girlsमुली
mulī

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Marathi sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.

Singular vs. Plural in a Sentence

English Marathi
We speak two languagesआम्ही दोन भाषा बोलतो .
āmhī dōna bhāṣā bōlatō.
They speak four languagesते चार भाषा बोलतात .
Tē cāra bhāṣā bōlatāta.
I visited one countryमी एका देशाला भेट दिली .
Mī ēkā dēśālā bhēṭa dilī.
She visited three countriesतिने तीन देशांना भेटी दिल्या .
Tinē tīna dēśānnā bhēṭī dilyā.
She has one sisterतिला एक बहिण आहे .
Tilā ēka bahiṇa āhē.
He has two sistersत्याला दोन बहिणी आहेत .
Tyālā dōna bahiṇī āhēta.

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Marathi contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Languages, Nationalities, and Countries

Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.

Languages Nationalities and Countries List in Marathi

English Marathi
Arabic (language)अरबी
Arabī
Moroccan (nationality)मोरक्कन
mōrakkana
Morocco (country)मोरोक्को
mōrōkkō
Brazilian (language)ब्राझिली
brājhilī
Brazilian (nationality)ब्राझीलियन
brājhīliyana
Brazil (country)ब्राझील
brājhīla
Chinese (language)चिनी
cinī
Chinese (nationality)चीनी
cīnī
China (country)चीन
cīna
English (language)Marathi
Marathi
British (nationality)ब्रिटिश
briṭiśa
Britain (country)ब्रिटेन
briṭēna
American (nationality)अमेरिकन
amērikana
America (country)अमेरिका
amērikā
French (language)फ्रेन्च
phrēnca
French (nationality)फ्रेंच
phrēn̄ca
France (country)फ्रान्स
phrānsa
German (language)जर्मन
jarmana
German (nationality)जर्मन
jarmana
Germany (country)जर्मनी
jarmanī
Greek (language)ग्रीक
grīka
Greek (nationality)ग्रीक
grīka
Greece (country)ग्रीस
grīsa
Hindi (language)हिंदी
hindī
Indian (nationality)भारतीय
bhāratīya
India (country)भारत
bhārata
Irish (language)आयरिश
āyariśa
Irish (nationality)आयरिश
āyariśa
Ireland (country)आयरलँड
āyaralam̐ḍa
Italian (language)इटालियन
iṭāliyana
Italian (nationality)इटालियन
iṭāliyana
Italy (country)इटाली
iṭālī
Japanese (language)जपानी
japānī
Japanese (nationality)जपानी
japānī
Japan (country)जपान
japāna
Korean (language)कोरीयन
kōrīyana
Korean (nationality)कोरियन
kōriyana
Korea (country)कोरिया
kōriyā
Persian (language)पर्शियन
parśiyana
Iranian (nationality)इराणी
irāṇī
Iran (country)ईरान
īrāna
Portuguese (language)पोर्तुगीज
pōrtugīja
Portuguese (nationality)पोर्तुगीज
pōrtugīja
Portugal (country)पोर्तुगाल
pōrtugāla
Russian (language)रशियन
raśiyana
Russian (nationality)रशियन
raśiyana
Russia (country)रशिया
raśiyā
Spanish (language)स्पॅनिश
spĕniśa
Spanish (nationality)स्पॅनिश
spĕniśa
Spain (country)स्पेन
spēna

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Daily Conversation in Marathi

Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Marathi Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Marathi

English Marathi
Languages
I don't speak Koreanमी कोरिअन बोलत नाही.
mī kōri'ana bōlata nāhī.
I love the Japanese languageमला जपानी भाषा आवडते.
Malā japānī bhāṣā āvaḍatē.
I speak Italianमी इटालियन बोलतो. / मी इटालियन बोलते
Mī iṭāliyana bōlatō. / Mī iṭāliyana bōlatē
I want to learn Spanishमला स्पॅनिश भाषा शिकायची आहे .
malā spĕniśa bhāṣā śikāyacī āhē.
My mother tongue is Germanमाझी मातृभाषा जर्मन आहे.
Mājhī mātr̥bhāṣā jarmana āhē.
Spanish is easy to learnस्पॅनिश भाषा शिकण्यास सोपी आहे .
Spĕniśa bhāṣā śikaṇyāsa sōpī āhē.
Origins
He has a Moroccan rugत्याच्याकडे एक मोरक्कन गालीचा आहे
Tyācyākaḍē ēka mōrakkana gālīcā āhē
I have an American carमाझ्याकडे अमेरिकन गाडी आहे.
mājhyākaḍē amērikana gāḍī āhē.
I love French cheeseमला फ्रेंच चीज आवडते.
Malā phrēn̄ca cīja āvaḍatē.
I'm Italianमी इटालियन आहे.
Mī iṭāliyana āhē.
My father is Greekमाझे वडील ग्रीक आहेत.
Mājhē vaḍīla grīka āhēta.
My wife is Koreanमाझी बायको कोरियन आहे.
Mājhī bāyakō kōriyana āhē.
Countries
Have you ever been to India?तुम्ही भारतात कधी गेला आहात का?
Tumhī bhāratāta kadhī gēlā āhāta kā?
I came from Spainमी स्पेनहून आलो आहे./ आली आहे.
Mī spēnahūna ālō āhē./ Ālī āhē.
I live in Americaमी अमेरिकेत राहतो.
Mī amērikēta rāhatō.
I want to go to Germanyमला जर्मनीला जायची इच्छा आहे .
Malā jarmanīlā jāyacī icchā āhē.
I was born in Italyमाझा जन्म इटली मध्ये झाला.
Mājhā janma iṭalī madhyē jhālā.
Japan is a beautiful countryजपान सुंदर देश आहे.
Japāna sundara dēśa āhē.
Phrases
Long time no seeबरेच दिवसात भेटला नाहीत
Barēca divasāta bhēṭalā nāhīta
I missed youमला तुझा विरह जाणवतो .
malā tujhā viraha jāṇavatō.
What's new?नव काय आहे ?
Nava kāya āhē? 
Nothing newनेहमीचच आहे !
Nēhamīcaca āhē!
Make yourself at home!घरच्यासारखी/ घरच्यासारखा रहा !
Gharacyāsārakhī/ gharacyāsārakhā rahā!
Have a good tripसहल सुखाची होवो !
Sahala sukhācī hōvō!

Fun Facts

Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.

Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in Marathi about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Marathi Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Marathi homepage.

Lessons Marathi Lessons
Linguistic Marathi Vocabulary
Culture Marathi Phrases
Structure Marathi Grammar