This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Cantonese like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Cantonese Classes.
Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.
Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Cantonese, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
|In front of||喺…前面|
hai2 …cin4 min6
hai2 ...hau6 min6
|On top of||喺…之上|
hai2 …zi1 soeng5
|About (in regards to)||由於|
|As (similar to)||因為|
Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Cantonese sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.
|Can I practice Italian with you?||我可唔可以同你練意大利文|
ngo5 ho2 m4 ho2 ji5 tung4 nei5 lin6 ji3 daai6 lei6 man4
|I speak French but with an accent||我識講法文但有口音|
ngo5 sik1 gong2 faat3 man4 daan6 jau5 hau2 jam1
|I was born in Miami||我係邁阿密出世|
ngo5 hai6 maai6 aa3 mat6 ceot1 sai3
|I'm from Japan||我來自日本|
ngo5 loi4 zi6 jat6 bun2
|The letter is inside the book||封信係本書入面|
fung1 seon3 hai6 bun2 syu1 jap6 min6
|The pen is under the desk||枝筆喺枱底|
zi1 bat1 hai2 toi4 dai2
|Can I help you?||我有咩可以幫你？|
ngo5 jau5 me1 ho2 ji5 bong1 nei5 ？
If you have any questions, please contact me using the Cantonese contact form on the header above.
Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.
|Can you help me?||你可唔可以幫我？|
nei5 ho2 m4 ho2 ji5 bong1 ngo5 ？
|Can you show me?||你可唔可以指示俾我睇|
nei5 ho2 m4 ho2 ji5 zi2 si6 bei2 ngo5 tai2
|Come with me!||跟我嚟|
gan1 ngo5 lai4
|Downtown (city center)||市中心|
si5 zung1 sam1
|Excuse me! (to ask someone)||唔好意思|
m4 hou2 ji3 si1
hoeng3 cin4 hang4
|How can I get to the museum?||點樣去博物館？|
dim2 joeng6 heoi3 bok3 mat6 gun2 ？
|How long does it take to get there?||去嗰度要幾耐？|
heoi3 go2 dou6 jiu3 gei2 noi6 ？
ngo5 dong6 sat1 zo2 lou6
|I'm not from here||我唔係本地人|
ngo5 m4 hai6 bun2 dei6 jan4
|It's far from here||離呢度好遠|
lei4 ne1 dou6 hou2 jyun5
|It's near here||就係附近|
zau6 hai6 fu6 gan6
|One moment please!||等一陣|
dang2 jat1 zan6
heoi3 ／ dou3
gaau1 tung1 dang1
gaau1 tung1 gung1 geoi6 ／ wan6 syu1
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Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Cantonese. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Cantonese Phrases page. Enjoy!
|Do you speak English?||你識唔識講英文？|
nei5 sik1 m4 sik1 gong2 jing1 man4 ？
|Just a little||少少啦|
siu2 siu2 laa1
|What's your name?||你叫咩名？|
nei5 giu3 me1 ming4 ？
|My name is (John Doe)||我叫（xxx）|
ngo5 giu3 （xxx ）
|Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...||X先生/X太太/X小姐|
X sin1 saang1 /X taai3 taai3 /X siu2 ze2
|Nice to meet you!||幸會|
|You're very kind!||你真係好人|
nei5 zan1 hai6 hou2 jan4
Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..
Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Cantonese about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Cantonese Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Cantonese homepage.