This 14th lesson deals with the past tense in Cantonese. In addition I included a vocabulary list about colors, as well as some basic phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Cantonese Classes.
Below is a list of 15 sentences conjugated into the past tense. I focused on the examples you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Cantonese, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
|I saw you||我（之前）見過你|
ngo5 （zi1 cin4 ）gin3 gwo3 nei5
|I wrote with a pen||我（以前）用枝筆寫字。|
ngo5 （ji5 cin4 ）jung6 zi1 bat1 se2 zi6 。
|You loved apples||你（以前）鍾意蘋果|
nei5 （ji5 cin4 ）zung1 ji3 ping4 gwo2
|You gave money||你（以前）俾過錢|
nei5 （ji5 cin4 ）bei2 gwo3 cin2
|You played tennis||你（以前）打過網球|
nei5 （ji5 cin4 ）daa2 gwo3 mong5 kau4
|He read (past tense) a book||佢（以前）睇過本書|
keoi5 （ji5 cin4 ）tai2 gwo3 bun2 syu1
|He understood me||佢（以前）明白我|
keoi5 （ji5 cin4 ）ming4 baak6 ngo5
|She had a cat||佢（以前）有隻貓|
keoi5 （ji5 cin4 ）jau5 zek3 maau1
|She knew my friend||佢（以前）識我嘅朋友|
keoi5 （ji5 cin4 ）sik1 ngo5 ge3 pang4 jau5
|We wanted to learn||我哋（以前）想學|
ngo5 dei2 （ji5 cin4 ）soeng2 hok6
|We thought Spanish is easy||我哋（以前）覺得西班牙文好易|
ngo5 dei2 （ji5 cin4 ）gok3 dak1 sai1 baan1 ngaa4 man4 hou2 ji6
|You (plural) worked here||你哋（以前）喺度做野|
nei5 dei2 （ji5 cin4 ）hai2 dou6 zou6 je5
|You (plural) spoke French||你哋（以前）講法文|
nei5 dei2 （ji5 cin4 ）gong2 faat3 man4
|They drove a car||佢哋（以前）揸車|
keoi5 dei2 （ji5 cin4 ）zaa1 ce1
keoi5 dei2 （ji5 cin4 ）siu3
If you have any questions, please contact me using the Cantonese contact form on the header above.
Below is a list of 18 words and expressions related to colors.
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Finally, here are some common sentences to strengthen your conversation skills. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Cantonese Phrases page. Enjoy!
|Black is his favorite color||佢最鍾意黑色|
keoi5 zeoi3 zung1 ji3 hak1 sik1
|I have black hair||我嘅頭髮係黑色嘅|
ngo5 ge3 tau4 faat3 hai6 hak1 sik1 ge3
|Red is not his favorite color||紅色唔係佢鍾意嘅顏色|
hung4 sik1 m4 hai6 keoi5 zung1 ji3 ge3 ngaan4 sik1
|She drives a yellow car||佢揸一架黃色車|
keoi5 zaa1 jat1 gaa3 wong4 sik1 ce1
|The sky is blue||天空係藍色嘅|
tin1 hung1 hai6 laam4 sik1 ge3
|Your cat is white||你隻貓係白色嘅|
nei5 zek3 maau1 hai6 baak6 sik1 ge3
|I enjoyed myself very much||我好鐘意自己一個|
ngo5 hou2 zung1 ji3 zi6 gei2 jat1 go3
|I agree with you||我同意你嘅睇法|
ngo5 tung4 ji3 nei5 ge3 tai2 faat3
|Are you sure?||你肯定？|
nei5 hang2 ding6 ？
siu3 haak3 laa1 ！
|Would you like to go for a walk?||你想唔想去散步？|
nei5 soeng2 m4 soeng2 heoi3 saan3 bou6 ？
Language Quote: ❝To have another language is to possess a second soul.❞ ‒Charlemagne
Congratulations! You finished your 14th lesson in Cantonese about the past tense, and a vocabulary list about colors. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Cantonese Lesson 15. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Cantonese homepage.