This second lesson teaches many important aspect in Cantonese like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Cantonese Classes.
Knowing adjectives in Cantonese is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as "good", "bad", "right", "wrong" etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. Cantonese is easy.
Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Cantonese, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
bok6 ／ sau3
|Old (opposite of new)||舊|
|Old (opposite of young)||老|
zing3 kok3 ／ ngaam1
Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Cantonese sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.
|Am I right or wrong?||我啱定錯？|
ngo5 ngaam1 ding6 co3 ？
|Is he younger or older than you?||佢細過定大過你？|
keoi5 sai3 gwo3 ding6 daai6 gwo3 nei5 ？
|Is the test easy or difficult?||個測驗易定難？|
go3 caak1 jim6 ji6 ding6 naan4 ？
|Is this book new or old?||呢本書新定舊？|
ne1 bun2 syu1 san1 ding6 gau6 ？
|This is so expensive||太貴啦|
taai3 gwai3 laa1
If you have any questions, please contact me using the Cantonese contact form on the header above.
Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.
ngau4 jau4 gwo2
hung4 lo4 baak6
mou4 faa1 gwo2
saam1 man4 zi6
|Soda (like Coke)||汽水|
si6 do1 pai5 lei4
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Finally, a list of sentences using the vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Cantonese Phrases page. Enjoy!
|Are you thirsty?||你口唔口渴？／你頸唔頸渴？|
nei5 hau2 m4 hau2 hot3 ？／ nei5 geng2 m4 geng2 hot3 ？
ngo5 hou2 tou5 ngo6
|Do you have a bottle of water?||你有冇一樽水？|
nei5 jau5 mou5 jat1 zeon1 seoi2 ？
|Breakfast is ready||早餐準備好啦|
zou2 caan1 zeon2 bei6 hou2 laa1
|What kind of food do you like?||你鐘意食咩嘢？|
nei5 zung1 ji3 sik6 me1 je5 ？
|I like cheese||我鐘意食芝士|
ngo5 zung1 ji3 sik6 zi1 si6
|Bananas taste sweet||香蕉係甜嘅|
hoeng1 ziu1 hai6 tim4 ge3
|I don't like cucumber||我唔鐘意食青瓜|
ngo5 m4 zung1 ji3 sik6 cing1 gwaa1
|I like bananas||我鐘意食香蕉|
ngo5 zung1 ji3 sik6 hoeng1 ziu1
|Lemons taste sour||檸檬係酸嘅|
ling4 mung1 hai6 syun1 ge3
|This fruit is delicious||呢個生果好好味|
ne1 go3 saang1 gwo2 hou2 hou2 mei6
|Vegetables are healthy||食蔬菜有益健康|
sik6 so1 coi3 jau5 jik1 gin6 hong1
zou2 san4 ！
ng5 ngon1 ！
maan5 ngon1 ！
|How are you? (informal)||你好嗎?|
nei5 hou2 maa1 ?
|How are you? (formal)||你點呀?|
nei5 dim2 aa1 ?
|What's up? (colloquial)||咩事呀?|
me1 si6 aa1 ?
|I'm fine, thank you!||唔錯，有心！|
m4 co3 ，jau5 sam1 ！
|And you? (informal)||你幾好嗎?|
nei5 gei2 hou2 maa1 ?
|And you? (formal)||你呢?|
nei5 ne1 ?
Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.
Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in Cantonese about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Cantonese Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Cantonese homepage.