Cantonese Lesson 3 (Plural and Languages)

Duration: 30 mins

The 3rd lesson is about the plural in Cantonese and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Cantonese Classes.


Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word "book" to "books" or "woman" to "women".

Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, Cantonese, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Singular vs. Plural in Cantonese

English Cantonese
gwok3 gaa1 
gwok3 gaa1 
jyu5 jin4 
jyu5 jin4 
neoi5 jan4 
neoi5 si6 mun4 
naam4 jan4 
naam4 si6 mun4 
naam4 zai2 
naam4 zai2 
neoi5 zai2 
neoi5 zai2 

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Cantonese sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.

Singular vs. Plural in a Sentence

English Cantonese
We speak two languages我地識講兩種語言
ngo5 dei6 sik1 gong2 loeng5 zung2 jyu5 jin4 
They speak four languages佢地識講四種語言
keoi5 dei6 sik1 gong2 sei3 zung2 jyu5 jin4 
I visited one country我去左一個國家
ngo5 heoi3 zo2 jat1 go3 gwok3 gaa1 
She visited three countries佢去左三個國家
keoi5 heoi3 zo2 saam1 go3 gwok3 gaa1 
She has one sister佢有一個姐妹
keoi5 jau5 jat1 go3 ze2 mui6 
He has two sisters佢有兩個姐妹
keoi5 jau5 loeng5 go3 ze2 mui6 


If you have any questions, please contact me using the Cantonese contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Languages, Nationalities, and Countries

Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.

Languages Nationalities and Countries List in Cantonese

English Cantonese
Arabic (language)阿拉伯話
aa3 laai1 baak3 waa6 
Moroccan (nationality)摩洛哥人
mo1 lok6 go1 jan4 
Morocco (country)摩洛哥
mo1 lok6 go1 
Brazilian (language)巴西話
baa1 sai1 waa6 
Brazilian (nationality)巴西人
baa1 sai1 jan4 
Brazil (country)巴西
baa1 sai1 
Chinese (language)中文
zung1 man4 
Chinese (nationality)中國人
zung1 gwok3 jan4 
China (country)中國
zung1 gwok3 
English (language)Cantonese
British (nationality)英國人
jing1 gwok3 jan4 
Britain (country)英國
jing1 gwok3 
American (nationality)美國人
mei5 gwok3 jan4 
America (country)美國
mei5 gwok3 
French (language)法文
faat3 man4 
French (nationality)法國人
faat3 gwok3 jan4 
France (country)法國
faat3 gwok3 
German (language)徳文
dak1 man4 
German (nationality)德國人
dak1 gwok3 jan4 
Germany (country)徳國
dak1 gwok3 
Greek (language)希臘話
hei1 laap6 waa6 
Greek (nationality)希臘人
hei1 laap6 jan4 
Greece (country)希臘
hei1 laap6 
Hindi (language)印度話
jan3 dou6 waa6 
Indian (nationality)印度人
jan3 dou6 jan4 
India (country)印度
jan3 dou6 
Irish (language)愛爾蘭文
ngoi3 ji5 laan4 man4 
Irish (nationality)愛爾蘭人
ngoi3 ji5 laan4 jan4 
Ireland (country)愛爾蘭
ngoi3 ji5 laan4 
Italian (language)意大利文
ji3 daai6 lei6 man4 
Italian (nationality)意大利人
ji3 daai6 lei6 jan4 
Italy (country)意大利
ji3 daai6 lei6 
Japanese (language)日文
jat6 man4 
Japanese (nationality)日本人
jat6 bun2 jan4 
Japan (country)日本
jat6 bun2 
Korean (language)韓文
hon4 man4 
Korean (nationality)韓國人
hon4 gwok3 jan4 
Korea (country)韓國
hon4 gwok3 
Persian (language)波斯話
bo1 si1 waa6 
Iranian (nationality)伊朗人
ji1 long5 jan4 
Iran (country)伊朗
ji1 long5 
Portuguese (language)葡萄牙文
pou4 tou4 ngaa4 man4 
Portuguese (nationality)葡萄牙人
pou4 tou4 ngaa4 jan4 
Portugal (country)葡萄牙
pou4 tou4 ngaa4 
Russian (language)俄文
ngo4 man4 
Russian (nationality)俄羅斯人
ngo4 lo4 si1 jan4 
Russia (country)俄國
ngo4 gwok3 
Spanish (language)西班牙文
sai1 baan1 ngaa4 man4 
Spanish (nationality)西班牙人
sai1 baan1 ngaa4 jan4 
Spain (country)西班牙
sai1 baan1 ngaa4 


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Daily Conversation in Cantonese

Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Cantonese Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Cantonese

English Cantonese
I don't speak Korean我唔識講韓文
ngo5 m4 sik1 gong2 hon4 man4 
I love the Japanese language我鍾意日文
ngo5 zung1 ji3 jat6 man4 
I speak Italian我講意大利文
ngo5 gong2 ji3 daai6 lei6 man4 
I want to learn Spanish我想學西班牙文
ngo5 soeng2 hok6 sai1 baan1 ngaa4 man4 
My mother tongue is German我嘅母語係德文
ngo5 ge3 mou5 jyu5 hai6 dak1 man4 
Spanish is easy to learn西班牙文好易學
sai1 baan1 ngaa4 man4 hou2 ji6 hok6 
He has a Moroccan rug佢有一張摩洛哥地氈
keoi5 jau5 jat1 zoeng1 mo1 lok6 go1 dei6 zin1 
I have an American car我有一架美國車
ngo5 jau5 jat1 gaa3 mei5 gwok3 ce1 
I love French cheese我鍾意法國芝士
ngo5 zung1 ji3 faat3 gwok3 zi1 si6 
I'm Italian我係意大利人
ngo5 hai6 ji3 daai6 lei6 jan4 
My father is Greek我爸爸係希臘人
ngo5 baa1 baa1 hai6 hei1 laap6 jan4 
My wife is Korean我太太係韓國人
ngo5 taai3 taai3 hai6 hon4 gwok3 jan4 
Have you ever been to India?你有冇去過印度?
nei5 jau5 mou5 heoi3 gwo3 jan3 dou6 ?
I came from Spain我來自西班牙
ngo5 loi4 zi6 sai1 baan1 ngaa4 
I live in America我住係美國
ngo5 zyu6 hai6 mei5 gwok3 
I want to go to Germany我想去德國
ngo5 soeng2 heoi3 dak1 gwok3 
I was born in Italy我係意大利出世
ngo5 hai6 ji3 daai6 lei6 ceot1 sai3 
Japan is a beautiful country日本係一個好靚嘅國家
jat6 bun2 hai6 jat1 go3 hou2 leng3 ge3 gwok3 gaa1 
Long time no see好耐冇見
hou2 noi6 mou5 gin3 
I missed you我好掛住你
ngo5 hou2 gwaa3 zyu6 nei5 
What's new?最近點?
zeoi3 gan6 dim2 ?
Nothing new有咩特別。
jau5 me1 dak6 bit6 。
Make yourself at home!當係自己屋企
dong1 hai6 zi6 gei2 nguk1 kei5 
Have a good trip一路順風
jat1 lou6 seon6 fung1 

Fun Facts

Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.

Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in Cantonese about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Cantonese Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Cantonese homepage.