Vietnamese Lesson 2 (Adjectives and Food)

Duration: 30 mins

This second lesson teaches many important aspect in Vietnamese like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Vietnamese Classes.


Knowing adjectives in Vietnamese is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as "good", "bad", "right", "wrong" etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. Vietnamese is easy.

Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Vietnamese, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Adjectives List in Vietnamese

Adjectives Vietnamese Audio
Old (opposite of new)cũ (trái nghĩa với mới)
Expensiveđắt tiền
Old (opposite of young)già (trái nghĩa với trẻ)
Right (correct)đúng (chính xác)
Difficultkhó khăn
Easydễ dàng

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Vietnamese sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Vietnamese Adjectives in a Sentence

English Vietnamese Audio
Am I right or wrong?Tôi đúng hay sai?
Is he younger or older than you?Ông ấy trẻ hay già hơn bạn?
Is the test easy or difficult?Bài kiểm tra này dễ hay khó?
Is this book new or old?Đây là quyển sách mới hay cũ?
This is so expensiveCái này rất đắt


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Vietnamese contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Food

Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.

Food List in Vietnamese

Food Vietnamese Audio
Breakfastbữa sáng
Lunchbữa trưa
Dinnerbữa tối
Mealbữa ăn
Applesquả táo
Avocadosquả bơ
Bananasquả chuối
Beansđậu / đỗ
Breadbánh mì
Carrots cà rốt
Cheesepho mát
Chickenthịt gà
Coffeecà phê
Cornngô / bắp
Cucumbersdưa chuột
Figsquả sung hoặc quả vả
Foodthực phẩm / đồ ăn
Fruittrái cây
Grapesquả nho
Ice creamkem
Lemonsquả chanh
Lettucerau diếp
Olivesô liu
Onionshành tây
Orange juicenước cam
Orangesquả cam
Peachesquả đào
Pearsquả lê
Peppershạt tiêu
Pineapplesquả dứa
Pizzabánh pizza
Potatoeskhoai tây
Pumpkinbí ngô / bí đỏ
Salad(món) sa lát / nộm
Sandwich(bánh) sandwich
Soda (like Coke)Soda (giống như coca-cola)
Strawberriesquả dâu tây
Tomatoescà chua
VegetablesRau củ
Watermelonquả dưa hấu


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Daily Conversation in Vietnamese

Finally, a list of sentences If you simply want to ask a question, please vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Vietnamese Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Vietnamese

English Vietnamese Audio
Are you thirsty?Bạn (có) khát không?
I'm hungrytôi đói
Do you have a bottle of water?Bạn có chai nước nào không?
Breakfast is readyBữa sáng đã sẵn sàng
What kind of food do you like?Bạn thích loại đồ ăn nào?
I like cheeseTôi thích pho mát
Bananas taste sweetChuối có vị ngọt
I don't like cucumberTôi không thích dưa chuột
I like bananasTôi thích chuối
Lemons taste sourChanh có vị chua
This fruit is deliciousQuả này ngon
Vegetables are healthyRau có lợi cho sức khỏe
Good morning!chào buổi sáng
Good afternoon!chào buổi chiều
Good evening!chào buổi tối
Welcome!hân hạnh chào đón
How are you? (informal)khỏe không? (thân mật)
How are you? (formal)bạn khỏe không? (lịch sự)
What's up? (colloquial) có gì không? (thông tục)
I'm fine, thank you!tôi khỏe, cám ơn!
And you? (informal)còn mầy? (thân mật)
And you? (formal)còn bạn? (lịch sự)

Fun Facts

Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.

Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in Vietnamese about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Vietnamese Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Vietnamese homepage.