Plural

Russian Lesson 3 (Plural and Languages)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Russian Lessons
Linguistic Russian Vocabulary
Culture Russian Phrases
Structure Russian Grammar

The 3rd lesson is about the plural in Russian and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Russian Classes.

Plural

Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word "book" to "books" or "woman" to "women".

Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, Russian, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Singular vs. Plural in Russian

English Russian Audio
Countryстрана
strana
Countriesстраны
strany
Lakeозеро
ozero
Lakesозёра
ozjora
Languageязык
jazyk
Languagesязыки
jazyki
Womanженщина
zhenshhina
Womenженщины
zhenshhiny
Manмужчина
muzhchina
Menмужчины
muzhchiny
Boyмальчик
mal'chik
Boysмальчики
mal'chiki
Girlдевочка
devushka
Girlsдевочки
devushki

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Russian sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.

Singular vs. Plural in a Sentence

English Russian Audio
We speak two languagesМы говорим на двух языках.
My govorim na dvuh jazykah.
They speak four languagesОни говорят на четырёх языках.
Oni govorjat na chetyrjoh jazykah.
I visited one countryЯ посетил одну страну.
Ja posetil odnu stranu.
She visited three countriesОна посетила три страны.
Ona posetila tri strany.
She has one sisterУ неё есть одна сестра.
U nejo est' odna sestra.
He has two sistersУ него две сестры.
U nejo dve sestry.

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Russian contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Languages, Nationalities, and Countries

Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.

Languages Nationalities and Countries List in Russian

English Russian Audio
Arabic (language)арабский
arabskij
Moroccan (nationality)Марокканец (марокканка)
Marokkanec (marokkanka)
Morocco (country)Марокко
Marokko
Brazilian (language)бразильский
brazil'skij
Brazilian (nationality)бразилец (бразильянка)
brazilec (brazil'janka)
Brazil (country)Бразилия
Brazilija
Chinese (language)китайский
kitajskij
Chinese (nationality)китаец (китаянка)
kitaec (kitajanka)
China (country)Китай
Kitaj
English (language)английский
anglijskij
British (nationality)британец(британка)
britanec(britanka)
Britain (country)Британия
Britanija
American (nationality)американец (американка)
amerikanec (amerikanka)
America (country)Америка
Amerika
French (language)французский
francuzskij
French (nationality)француз (француженка)
francuz (francuzhenka)
France (country)Франция
Francija
German (language)немецкий
nemeckij
German (nationality)немец (немка)
nemec (nemka)
Germany (country)Германия
Germanija
Greek (language)греческий
grecheskij
Greek (nationality)грек (гречанка)
grek (grechanka)
Greece (country)Греция
Grecija
Hindi (language)хинди
hindi
Indian (nationality)индиец (индианка)
indiec (indianka)
India (country)Индия
Indija
Irish (language)ирландский
irlandskij
Irish (nationality)ирландец (ирландка)
irlandec (irlandka)
Ireland (country)Ирландия
Irlandija
Italian (language)итальянский
ital'janskij
Italian (nationality)итальянец (итальянка)
ital'janec (ital'janka)
Italy (country)Италия
Italija
Japanese (language)японский
japonskij
Japanese (nationality)японец (японка)
japonec (japonka)
Japan (country)Япония
Japonija
Korean (language)корейский
korejskij
Korean (nationality)кореец (кореянка)
koreec (korejanka)
Korea (country)Корея
Koreja
Persian (language)персидский
persidskij
Iranian (nationality)иранец (иранка)
iranec (iranka)
Iran (country)Иран
Iran
Portuguese (language)португальский
portugal'skij
Portuguese (nationality)португалец (португалка)
portugalec (portugalka)
Portugal (country)Португалия
Portugalija
Russian (language)русский
russkij
Russian (nationality)русский (русская)
russkij (russkaja)
Russia (country)Россия
Rossija
Spanish (language)испанский
ispanskij
Spanish (nationality)испанец (испанка)
ispanec (ispanka)
Spain (country)Испания
Ispanija

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Daily Conversation in Russian

Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Russian Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Russian

English Russian Audio
Languages
I don't speak KoreanЯ не говорю по-корейски
Ja ne govorju po-korejski
I love the Japanese languageМне нравится японский язык
Mne nravitsja japonskij jazyk
I speak ItalianЯ говорю на итальянском
Ja govorju na ital'janskom
I want to learn SpanishЯ xочу выучить испанский язык
Ja xochu vyuchit' ispanskij jaяyk
My mother tongue is GermanМой родной язык - немецкий
Moj rodnoj jazyk - nemeckij
Spanish is easy to learnИспанский язык легко учится
Ispanskij jazyk legko uchitsja
Origins
He has a Moroccan rugУ него есть ковер, сделанный в Марокко
U nego est' kover, sdelannyj v Marokko
I have an American carУ меня американская машина
U menja amerikanskaja mashina
I love French cheeseЯ люблю французский сыр
Ja ljublju francuzskij syr
I'm ItalianЯ - итальянец (итальянка)
Ja - ital'janec (ital'janka)
My father is GreekМой папа - грек
Moj papa - grek
My wife is KoreanМоя жена - кореянка
Moja zhena - korejanka
Countries
Have you ever been to India?Вы бывали в Индии?
Vy byvali v Indii?
I came from SpainЯ приехал из Испании
Ja priehal iz Ispanii
I live in AmericaЯ живу в Америке
Ja zhivu v Amerike
I want to go to GermanyЯ хочу поехать в Германию
Ja hochu poehat' v Germaniju
I was born in ItalyЯ родился в Италии
Ja rodilsja v Italii
Japan is a beautiful countryЯпония - красивая страна
Japonija - krasivaja strana
Phrases
Long time no seeДавно не виделись!
Davno ne videlis'!
I missed youЯ скучал по тебе
Ja skuchal po tebe
What's new?Что нового?
Chto novogo?
Nothing newНичего нового
Nichego novogo
Make yourself at home!Чувствуй себя, как дома!
Chuvstvuj sebja, kak doma!
Have a good tripСчастливого пути!
Schastlivogo puti!

Fun Facts

Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.

Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in Russian about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Russian Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Russian homepage.

Lessons Russian Lessons
Linguistic Russian Vocabulary
Culture Russian Phrases
Structure Russian Grammar