Verbs

Russian Lesson 12 (Verbs and Time)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Russian Lessons
Linguistic Russian Vocabulary
Culture Russian Phrases
Structure Russian Grammar

This is the 12th lesson about Russian verbs, as well as time expressions such as hours, days, and months. Finally some simple common phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Russian Classes.

Verbs

Before we move on to lessons about the present, past, and future, we need to discuss verbs in general. The verb is the second most used part of speech after the noun. That means we need to pay more attention to its different forms and tenses.

Below is a list of 16 verbs that you might come across or use very often. They are in their raw format (not conjugated yet). The table contains 3 columns (English, Russian, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Verbs List in Russian

Verbs Russian Audio
To driveводить машину
vodit' mashinu
To findнаходить
nahodit'
To giveдавать
davat'
To haveиметь
imet'
To knowзнать
znat'
To learnизучать
izuchat'
To loveлюбить
ljubit'
To playиграть
igrat'
To readчитать
chitat'
To seeвидеть
videt'
To smileулыбаться
ulybat'sja
To speakговорить
govorit'
To think-думать--
-dumat'--
To understandпонимать
ponimat'
To workработать
rabotat'
To writeписать
pisat'

Here is an example of the verb "to understand" conjugated into the past, present, and future.

Verb "to understand" in a Sentence

He understands meон меня понимает
on menja ponimaet
He understood meОн меня понял
On menja ponjal
He will understand meон меня поймет
on menja pojmet

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Russian contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Time

Below is a list of 30 words related to time such as hours, days and months. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to discuss time related topics more easily.

Time in Russian

Time Russian Audio
Daysдни
dni
Mondayпонедельник
ponedel'nik
Tuesdayвторник
vtornik
Wednesdayсреда
sreda
Thursdayчетверг
chetverg
Fridayпятница
pjatnica
Saturdayсуббота
subbota
Sundayвоскресенье
voskresen'e
Januaryянварь
janvar'
Februaryфевраль
fevral'
Marchмарт
mart
Aprilапрель
aprel'
Mayмай
maj
Juneиюнь
ijun'
Julyиюль
ijul'
Augustавгуст
avgust
Septemberсентябрь
sentjabr'
Octoberоктябрь
oktjabr'
Novemberноябрь
nojabr'
Decemberдекабрь
dekabr'
Autumnосень
osen'
Winterзима
zima
Springвесна
vesna
Summerлето
leto
Seasonsвремена года
vremena goda
Monthsмесяцы
mesjacy
Timeвремя
vremja
Hourчас
chas
Minuteминута
minuta
Secondсекунда
sekunda

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Daily Conversation in Russian

Finally, here are some popular phrases you might need to use daily. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Russian Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Russian

English Russian Audio
I was born in JulyЯ родился в июле
Ja rodilsja v ijule
I will visit you in AugustЯ приеду к тебе в августе
Ja priedu k tebe v avguste
See you tomorrow!До завтра!
Do zavtra!
Today is MondayСегодня понедельник
Segodnja ponedel'nik
Winter is very cold hereЗима здесь очень холодная
Zima zdes' ochen' holodnaja
Yesterday was SundayВчера было воскресенье
Vchera bylo voskresen'e
Are you married?Вы замужем? / Вы женаты?
Vy zamuzhem? / Vy zhenaty?
I'm singleЯ неженат / Я незамужем.
Ja nezhenat / Ja nezamuzhem.
Would you marry me?Выйдешь за меня замуж? Женишься на мне?
Vyjdesh' za menja zamuzh? Zhenishsja na mne?
Can I have your phone number?Дай мне номер твоего телефона.
Daj mne nomer tvoego telefona.
Can I have your email?Дай мне твой и-мэйл.
Daj mne tvoj i-mjejl.

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝Learn everything you can, anytime you can, from anyone you can; there will always come a time when you will be grateful you did.❞ ‒Sarah Caldwell

Congratulations! You finished your 12th lesson in Russian about verbs, and time. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Russian Lesson 13. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Russian homepage.

Lessons Russian Lessons
Linguistic Russian Vocabulary
Culture Russian Phrases
Structure Russian Grammar