Adjectives

Russian Lesson 2 (Adjectives and Food)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Russian Lessons
Linguistic Russian Vocabulary
Culture Russian Phrases
Structure Russian Grammar

This second lesson teaches many important aspect in Russian like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Russian Classes.

Adjectives

Knowing adjectives in Russian is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as "good", "bad", "right", "wrong" etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. Russian is easy.

Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Russian, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Adjectives List in Russian

Adjectives Russian Audio
Tallвысокий
vysokij
Shortкороткий
korotkij
Bigбольшой
bol'shoj
Wideширокий
shirokij
Longдлинный
dlinnyj
Smallмаленький
malen'kij
Thickтолстый
tolstyj
Thinтонкий
tonkij
Newновый
novyj
Old (opposite of new)старый
staryj
Cheapдешевый
deshevyj
Expensiveдорогой
dorogoj
Youngмолодой
molodoj
Old (opposite of young)пожилой
pozhiloj
Wrongнеправильный
nepravil'nyj
Right (correct)правильный
pravil'nyj
Goodхороший
horoshij
Badплохой
plohoj
Difficultтрудный
trudnyj
Easyлегкий
legkij

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Russian sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Russian Adjectives in a Sentence

English Russian Audio
Am I right or wrong?Я прав или ошибаюсь?
Ja prav ili oshibajus'?
Is he younger or older than you?Он старше или младше тебя?
On starshe ili mladshe tebja?
Is the test easy or difficult?Тест простой или трудный?
Test prostoj ili trudnyj?
Is this book new or old?Эта книга старая или новая?
Jeta kniga staraja ili novaja?
This is so expensiveЭто очень дорого
Jeto ochen' dorogo

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Russian contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Food

Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.

Food List in Russian

Food Russian Audio
Breakfastзавтрак
zavtrak
Lunchвторой завтрак
vtoroj zavtrak
Dinnerобед
obed
Mealприём пищи
prijom pishhi
Applesяблоки
jabloki
Avocadosавокадо
avokado
Bananasбананы
banany
Beansфасоль
fasol'
Breadхлеб
hleb
Butterсливочное масло
slivochnoe maslo
Carrots морковь
morkov'
Cheeseсыр
syr
Chickenкурица
kurica
Coffeeкофе
kofe
Cornкукуруза
kukuruza
Cucumbersогурцы
ogurcy
Eggsяйца
jajca
Figsинжир
inzhir
Fishрыба
ryba
Foodеда,пища
eda,pishha
FruitФрукты
Frukty
Garlicчеснок
chesnok
Grapesвиноград
vinograd
Ice creamмороженое
morozhenoe
Lemonsлимоны
limony
Lettuceлатук
latuk
Meatмясо
mjaso
Milkмолоко
moloko
Olivesоливки
olivki
Onionsлук
luk
Orange juiceапельсиновый сок
apel'sinovyj sok
Orangesапельсины
apel'siny
Peachesперсики
persiki
Pearsгруши
grushi
Peppersперец
perec
Pineapplesананасы
ananasy
Pizzaпицца
picca
Potatoesкартофель
kartofel'
Pumpkinтыква
tykva
Saladсалат
salat
Saltсоль
sol'
Sandwichбутерброд
buterbrod
Soda (like Coke)газированная вода
gazirovannaja voda
Strawberriesклубника
klubnika
Sugarсахар
sahar
Teaчай
chaj
Tomatoesпомидор
pomidor
VegetablesОвощи
Ovoshhi
Waterвода
voda
Watermelonарбуз
arbuz

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Daily Conversation in Russian

Finally, a list of sentences If you simply want to ask a question, please vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Russian Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Russian

English Russian Audio
Are you thirsty?Хотите пить?
Hotite pit'?
I'm hungryЯ голоден / голодна
Ja goloden / golodna
Do you have a bottle of water?У Вас / тебя есть бутылка воды?
U Vas / tebja est' butylka vody?
Breakfast is readyЗавтрак готов
Zavtrak gotov
What kind of food do you like?Какую еду Вы / ты любите / любишь?
Kakuju edu Vy / ty ljubite / ljubish'?
I like cheeseЯ люблю сыр
Ja ljublju syr
Bananas taste sweetБананы сладкие
Banany sladkie
I don't like cucumberЯ не люблю огурцы
Ja ne ljublju ogurcy
I like bananasЯ люблю бананы
Ja ljublju banany
Lemons taste sourЛимоны кислые
Limony kislye
This fruit is deliciousЭтот фрукт вкусен
Jetot frukt vkusen
Vegetables are healthyОвощи полезны
Ovoshhi polezny
Hi!Привет!
Privet!
Good morning!Доброе утро!
Dobroe utro!
Good afternoon!Добрый день!
Dobryj den'!
Good evening!Добрый вечер!
Dobryj vecher!
Welcome!Добро пожаловать!
Dobro pozhalovat'!
How are you? (informal)Как дела?
Kak dela?
How are you? (formal)Как поживаете?
Kak pozhivaete?
What's up? (colloquial) Как дела? / Что происходит?
Kak dela? / Chto proishodit?
I'm fine, thank you!Спасибо, хорошо!
Spasibo, horosho!
And you? (informal)А ты?
A ty?
And you? (formal)А Вы?
A Vy?
Goodхороший, хорошая, хорошее, хорошие
horoshij, horoshaja, horoshee, horoshie

Fun Facts

Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.

Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in Russian about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Russian Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Russian homepage.

Lessons Russian Lessons
Linguistic Russian Vocabulary
Culture Russian Phrases
Structure Russian Grammar