Prepositions

Hebrew Lesson 4 (Prepositions and Directions)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Hebrew Lessons
Linguistic Hebrew Vocabulary
Culture Hebrew Phrases
Structure Hebrew Grammar

This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Hebrew like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Hebrew Classes.

Prepositions

Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.

Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Hebrew, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Prepositions List in Hebrew

Prepositions Hebrew
In front ofמול / בחזית ה / לפני [Mul / be-khazit le / lifnei]
Behindמאחורי [Meakhorai]
Beforeלפני [Lifnei]
Afterאחרי [Akharei]
Insideבתוך / בפנים [Be-tokh / bifnim]
Withעם [Im]
Withoutללא / בלי [Lelo- bli]
Outsideבחוץ / מחוץ ל [Bakhutz / mekhutz le]
On top ofמעלה [Me'ala]
Underמתחת [Mitakhat]
About (in regards to)על [Al]
Againstנגד / מול [Neg'ed / mul]
Andו [ve]
As (similar to)כמו [Kmo]
Betweenבין [Bein]
Butאבל [aval]
Forעבור / בשביל [Avur / bishvil]
Fromמן [Min]
Inבתוך / ב [Be-tokh / be]
Instead ofבמקום [Bimkom]
Nearליד / על יד / קרוב ל [Leiad / alyad / karov le]
Ofשל [Shel]
Orאו [o]
Sinceמאז [Me-az]
Soאז / לכן [az / lakhen]
Toאל [El]
Untilעד [Ad]

Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Hebrew sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Hebrew Prepositions in a Sentence

English Hebrew
Can I practice Italian with you?אפשר לדבר איתך איטלקית [Efshar ledaber itkha Italkit ?]
I speak French but with an accentאני מבר / ת צרפתית עם מבטא [Ani medaber / et Tzarfatit im mivtaa]
I was born in Miamiנולדתי במיאמי [Noladti be-Miami]
I'm from Japanאני מיפן [Ani mi-yapam]
The letter is inside the bookהמכתב בתוך הספר [Ha-miktav be-tokh ha-sefer]
The pen is under the deskהעט תחת לשולחן [Ha-et hu takhat le shulkhan]
Directions
Can I help you??אפשר לעזור לך [Efshar laazor lekha / lakh]

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Hebrew contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Directions

Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.

Giving Directions in Hebrew

Directions Hebrew
Can you help me??את / ה יכול לעזור לי [Ata / at yakhol / yekhola laazor li?]
Can you show me?את / ה יכול להראות לי / להסביר לי [Ata / at yakhol le'harot li / le'asbir li?]
Come with me!בוא / י אתי [Bo / bo'ee iti]
Downtown (city center)לעיר / למרכז העיר [La'ir / le-merkaz ha-ir]
Excuse me! (to ask someone)סלח לי [Slakh li]
Go straightללכת ישר [Lalekhet iashar]
How can I get to the museum? ?איך אני יכול / ה להגיע למוזיאון [Aeih ani yakhol / yekhola leag'ia' le-muzeon?]
How long does it take to get there??כמה זמן זה יקח להגיע [Kama zman ze ykakh leag'ia'?]
I'm lostהלכתי לאיבוד [Halakhti le-ibud]
I'm not from hereאני לא מכאן [Ani lo mi-kan]
It's far from hereזה רחוק מכאן [Ze rakhok mi-can]
It's near hereזה קרוב לכאן [Ze karov le-can]
One moment please!רק רגע [Rak rega]
Turn leftפנה / פני שמאלה [Pneh / pni smolah]
Turn rightפנה / פני ימינה [Pneh / pni yamina]
Farרחוק [Rakhok]
Hereכאן [Can]
Leftשמאל [Smol]
Rightימין [Yamin]
Nearקרוב [Karov]
Straightישר [Iashar]
Thereשם [Sham]
To driveלנהוג / לנסוע [Linhog / linso'a]
To turnלפנות [Lifnot]
To walkללכת ברגל [Lalekhet ba-reg'el]
Traffic lightרמזור [Ramzor]
Transportationתחבורה [Takhburah]

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Daily Conversation in Hebrew

Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Hebrew. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Hebrew Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Hebrew

English Hebrew
Do you speak English?אתה / את מדבר / ת אנגלית [Ata / at medaber / et anglit?]
Just a littleרק קצת [Rak ktzat]
What's your name?איך קוראים לך [Eih korim lekha / lakh?]
My name is (John Doe)קוראים לי / שמי [Korim li / Shmi]
Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...אדון / גברת [Adon / G'everet]
Nice to meet you!נעים להכיר אותך [Na'im lehakir otkha / otakh]
You're very kind!אתה / את נחמד / ה מאד [Ata nehmad / at nehmada me'od]

Fun Facts

Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..

Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Hebrew about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Hebrew Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Hebrew homepage.

Lessons Hebrew Lessons
Linguistic Hebrew Vocabulary
Culture Hebrew Phrases
Structure Hebrew Grammar