Hebrew Lesson 2 (Adjectives and Food)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Hebrew Lessons
Linguistic Hebrew Vocabulary
Culture Hebrew Phrases
Structure Hebrew Grammar

This second lesson teaches many important aspect in Hebrew like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Hebrew Classes.


Knowing adjectives in Hebrew is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as "good", "bad", "right", "wrong" etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. Hebrew is easy.

Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Hebrew, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Adjectives List in Hebrew

Adjectives Hebrew
Tallגבוה [Gavo'ah]
Shortקצר [Katzar]
Bigגדול [Gadol]
Wideרחב [Rakhav]
Longארוך [Arukh]
Smallקטן [Katan]
Thickעבה [Aveh]
Thinדק [Dak]
Newחדש [Khadash]
Old (opposite of new)ישן [Yashan]
Cheapזול [Zol]
Expensiveיקר [Yakar]
Youngצעיר [Tza'ir]
Old (opposite of young)זקן / מבוגר [Zaken / Mevugar]
Wrongמוטעה [Mute'eh]
Right (correct)נכון [Nakhon]
Goodטוב [Tov]
Badרע [Ra'a]
Difficultקשה [Kasheh]
Easyקל [Kal]

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Hebrew sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Hebrew Adjectives in a Sentence

English Hebrew
Am I right or wrong??אני צודק / ת או טועה [Ani tzodek o to'eh]
Is he younger or older than you??הוא צעיר או מבוגר ממך [Hu tza'ir o mevugar mimekha / mimekh?]
Is the test easy or difficult??המבחן קל או קשה [Ha-mivkhan kal o kashe?]
Is this book new or old?זה ספר חדש או ישן? [Ze sefer khadash o yashan?]
This is so expensiveזה יקר מאד [Ze yakar me'od]


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Hebrew contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Food

Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.

Food List in Hebrew

Food Hebrew
Breakfastארוחת בוקר [Arukhat boker]
Lunchארוחת צהריים [Arukhat tzohoraim]
Dinnerארוחת ערב [Arukhat erev]
Mealארוחה [Arukha]
Applesתפוחים [Tapukhim]
Avocadosאבוקדו [Avocado]
Bananasבננות [Bananot]
Beansשעועית [Shu'it]
Breadלחם [Lekhem]
Butterחמאה [Khama]
Carrots גזר [G'ezer]
Cheeseגבינה [Gvina]
Chickenעוף [Of]
Coffeeקפה [Kafe]
Cornתירס [Tiras]
Cucumbersמלפפונים [Melafefonim]
Eggsביצים [Beitzim]
Figsתאנים [Taanim]
Fishדג [Dag]
Foodמזון [Mazon]
Fruitפירות [Perot]
Garlicשום [Shum]
Grapesאנבים [Anavim]
Ice creamגלידה [Glida]
Lemonsלימונים [Limonim]
Lettuceחסה [Khasa]
Meatבשר [Basar]
Milkחלב [Khalav]
Olivesזיתים [Zeitim]
Onionsבצל [Batzal]
Orange juiceמיץ תפוזים [Mitz tapuzim]
Orangesתפוזים [Tapuzim]
Peachesאפרסקים [Afarsekim]
Pearsאגסים [Agasim]
Peppersפלפל [Pilpel]
Pineapplesאננס [Ananas]
Pizzaפיצה [Pitza]
Potatoesתפוחי אדמה [Tapukhei adama]
Pumpkinדלעת [Dla'at]
Saladסלט [Salat]
Saltמלח [Melakh]
Sandwichכריך [Karikh]
Soda (like Coke)משקה מוגז [Mashkeh mugaz]
Strawberriesתות שדה [Tut sadeh]
Sugarסוכר [Sukar]
Teaתה [Te]
Tomatoesעגבניות [Agvaniot]
Vegetablesירקות [Yerakot]
Waterמים [Maim]
Watermelonאבטיח [Avatiah]


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Daily Conversation in Hebrew

Finally, a list of sentences If you simply want to ask a question, please vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Hebrew Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Hebrew

English Hebrew
Are you thirsty?אתה / את צמא / ה [Ata / at tzema / tzma'a]
I'm hungryאני רעב / ה [Ani ra'ev / a]
Do you have a bottle of water??יש לך בקבוק מים [Yesh lekha bakbuk maim?]
Breakfast is readyארוחת הבוקר מוכנה [Arukhat ha-boker mukhana]
What kind of food do you like??איזה אוכל אתה / את אוהב / ת [Eize okhel ata / at ohev / et?]
I like cheeseאני אוהב / ת גבינה [Ani ohev / et gvina]
Bananas taste sweetלבננות יש טעם מתוק [Le-bananot yesh ta'am matok]
I don't like cucumberאני לא אוהב / ת מלפפון [Ani lo ohev / et melafefon]
I like bananasאני אהב / ת בננות [Ani ohev / et bananot]
Lemons taste sourללימון יש טעם חמוץ [Le-limon yesh ta'am khamutz]
This fruit is deliciousפרי זה טעים מאד [Pri ze ta'im me'od]
Vegetables are healthyירקות בריאים [Yerakot bri'im]
Hi!הי! [hay]
Good morning!בוקר טוב! [boker tov]
Good afternoon!אחר הצהריים טובים! [ahar hatsohorayim tovim]
Good evening!ערב טוב! [erev tov]
Welcome!ברוך הבא! ברוכים הבאים! ברוכה הבאה! ברוכות הבאות! []
How are you? (informal)מה העניינים? [Ma ha'inyanim?]
How are you? (formal)מה שלומך? [Ma shlomha?,Ma shlomeh?]
What's up? (colloquial) מה קורה? [Ma korei?]
I'm fine, thank you!אני בסדר, תודה! [Ani beseder, toda!]
And you? (informal)ואצלך? [ve'etslha? Ve'etsleh?]
And you? (formal)ומה שלומך? [uma shlomha?, uma shlomeh?]
Goodטוב [Tov]

Fun Facts

Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.

Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in Hebrew about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Hebrew Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Hebrew homepage.

Lessons Hebrew Lessons
Linguistic Hebrew Vocabulary
Culture Hebrew Phrases
Structure Hebrew Grammar