This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Chinese like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Chinese Classes.
Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.
Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Chinese, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
|In front of||面前|
|On top of||上面|
|About (in regards to)||关于|
|As (similar to)||如|
Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Chinese sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.
|Can I practice Italian with you?||我能跟你练意大利语吗？|
wǒ néng gēn nǐ liàn yìdàlì yǔ ma?
|I speak French but with an accent||我说法语但是带口音|
Wǒ shuō fǎyǔ dànshì dài kǒuyīn
|I was born in Miami||我出生在迈阿密|
wǒ chūshēng zài mài'āmì
|I'm from Japan||我来自日本|
wǒ láizì rìběn
|The letter is inside the book||信夹在书里|
xìn jiā zài shū lǐ
|The pen is under the desk||钢笔在桌子下面|
gāngbǐ zài zhuōzi xiàmiàn
|Can I help you?||我可以帮你吗？|
wǒ kěyǐ bāng nǐ ma?
If you have any questions, please contact me using the Chinese contact form on the header above.
Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.
|Can you help me?||你可以帮我吗？|
Nǐ kěyǐ bāng wǒ ma?
|Can you show me?||你可以带我去吗？|
Nǐ kěyǐ dài wǒ qù ma?
|Come with me!||来！跟我走。|
Lái! Gēn wǒ zǒu.
|Downtown (city center)||城市商业区|
Chéngshì shāngyè qū
|Excuse me! (to ask someone)||请问！|
|How can I get to the museum?||博物馆怎么走？|
Bówùguǎn zěnme zǒu?
|How long does it take to get there?||需要多长时间？|
Xūyào duō cháng shíjiān?
|I'm not from here||我不是这里的人。|
Wǒ bùshì zhèlǐ de rén.
|It's far from here||离这儿不远|
Lí zhè'er bù yuǎn
|It's near here||不在这儿。|
|One moment please!||请等一下。|
Qǐng děng yīxià.
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Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Chinese. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Chinese Phrases page. Enjoy!
|Do you speak English?||你会讲英语吗？|
nǐ huì jiǎng yīngyǔ ma?
|Just a little||一点点|
|What's your name?||你叫什么名字？|
nǐ jiào shénme míngzì?
|My name is (John Doe)||我的名字叫（John Doe)|
Wǒ de míngzì jiào (John Doe)
|Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...||..先生 / ..太太 / ..小姐（女士）|
.. Xiānshēng/ .. Tàitài/ .. Xiǎojiě (nǚshì)
|Nice to meet you!||很高兴认识你！|
hěn gāoxìng rènshì nǐ!
|You're very kind!||你对我很好！|
Nǐ duì wǒ hěn hǎo!
Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..
Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Chinese about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Chinese Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Chinese homepage.