Comparative

Chinese Lesson 17 (Comparative and Shopping)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Chinese Lessons
Linguistic Chinese Vocabulary
Culture Chinese Phrases
Structure Chinese Grammar

This 17th lesson teaches the comparative form in Chinese. In addition, I am including a vocabulary list about shopping and eating at a restaurant. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Chinese Classes.

Comparative

This lesson includes not only the comparative form but the superlative and the diminutive forms as well. That way you make comparisons, but also you can say what is better and what is worse.

Below is a list of 20 comparative forms that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Chinese, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Comparative Form in Chinese

Comparative Chinese Audio
As... as
Taller更高
Gèng gāo
Shorter最高
zuìgāo
Younger更年轻
gēng niánqīng
Older更大
gèng dà
As tall as 跟...一样高
gēn... Yīyàng gāo
Taller than比...高
bǐ... Gāo
Shorter than比...矮
bǐ... Ǎi
More beautiful更美丽
gèng měilì
Less beautiful一般美丽
yībān měilì
Most beautiful最美丽
zuì měilì
Happy高兴
gāoxìng
Happier比较高兴
bǐjiào gāoxìng
Happiest最高兴
zuì gāoxìng
You are happy你挺高兴
nǐ tǐng gāoxìng
You are as happy as Maya你跟Maya一样高兴
nǐ gēn Maya yīyàng gāoxìng
You are happier than Maya你比Maya快乐
nǐ bǐ Maya kuàilè
You are the happiest你最快乐
nǐ zuì kuàilè
Good
hǎo
Better更好
gèng hǎo
Best最好
zuì hǎo
Bad
huài
Worse更不好/更坏
gèng bù hǎo/gèng huài
Worst最不好/最坏
zuì bù hǎo/zuì huài

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Chinese contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Shopping

Below is a list of 18 words related to shopping such as in the supermarket. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or the shopping mall without a problem.

Shopping List in Chinese

Shopping Chinese Audio
Can you take less?可以便宜一点儿吗?
kěyǐ piányí yīdiǎn er ma?
Do you accept credit cards?可以刷卡吗?
Kěyǐ shuākǎ ma?
How much is this?多少钱?
Duōshǎo qián?
I'm just looking我只在看。
Wǒ zhǐ zài kàn.
Only cash please!请付现金。
Qǐng fù xiànjīn.
This is too expensive这个太贵了
Zhège tài guìle
Cafe咖啡厅
kāfēi tīng
Cash现金
xiànjīn
Cheap便宜的
piányí de
Check支票
zhīpiào
Cinema电影院
diànyǐngyuàn
Credit card信用卡
xìnyòngkǎ
Expensive昂贵
ángguì
Gas station加油站
jiāyóu zhàn
Museum博物馆
bówùguǎn
Parking停车处
tíngchē chù
Pharmacy药房
yàofáng
Supermarket超级市场
chāojí shìchǎng

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Vocabulary List about Restaurants

Below is a list of 30 words related to eating at a restaurant. Obviously, they will come in handy if you invite someone out to dinner or order something off the menu without a problem.

Restaurant Terms in Chinese

Restaurant Chinese Audio
I'm vegetarian我吃素
wǒ chīsù
It is very delicious!很好吃﹗
hěn hào chī﹗
May we have the check please!结账
jiézhàng
The bill please!结账
jiézhàng
Waiter / waitress!服務生
fúwù shēng
What do you recommend? (to eat)你推荐什么菜?
nǐ tuījiàn shénme cài?
What's the name of this dish?这道菜叫什么名字?
Zhè dào cài jiào shénme míngzì?
Where is there a good restaurant?那里好一点的餐馆中哪?
Nàlǐ hǎo yī diǎn de cānguǎn zhōng nǎ?
A cup of一杯
Yībēi
A glass of一杯
yībēi
Black pepper黑胡椒粉
hēi hújiāo fěn
Bread面包
miànbāo
Dessert甜点
tiándiǎn
Food食品
shípǐn
Fork
chā
Knife
dāo
Menu菜单
càidān
Napkin餐巾
cānjīn
Plate盘子
pánzi
Salad沙拉
shālā
Salt
yán
Salty
xián
Soup
tāng
Spicy
Spoon勺子
sháozi
Sweet
tián
Table桌子
zhuōzi
Tip (money for the waiter)时间(日/月)
shíjiān (rì/yuè)
Water
shuǐ

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝Learning a foreign language not only reveals how other societies think and feel, what they have experienced and value, and how they express themselves, it also provides a cultural mirror in which we can more clearly see our own society.❞ ?Chancellor Edward Lee Gorsuch

Congratulations! You finished your 17th lesson in Chinese about the comparative form, shopping and eating at a restaurant. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Chinese Lesson 18. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Chinese homepage.

Lessons Chinese Lessons
Linguistic Chinese Vocabulary
Culture Chinese Phrases
Structure Chinese Grammar