The 3rd lesson is about the plural in Chinese and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Chinese Classes.
Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word "book" to "books" or "woman" to "women".
Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, Chinese, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Chinese sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.
|We speak two languages||我们说两种语言|
wǒmen shuō liǎng zhǒng yǔyán
|They speak four languages||他们说四种语言|
tāmen shuō sì zhǒng yǔyán
|I visited one country||我去过一个国家|
wǒ qùguò yīgè guójiā
|She visited three countries||她去过3个国家|
tā qùguò 3 gè guójiā
|She has one sister||她有一个妹妹|
tā yǒuyīgè mèimei
|He has two sisters||他有两个妹妹|
tā yǒu liǎng gè mèimei
If you have any questions, please contact me using the Chinese contact form on the header above.
Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.
yìn dì yǔ
yìn duó rén
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Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Chinese Phrases page. Enjoy!
|I don't speak Korean||我不会说韩国语|
wǒ bù huì shuō hánguó yǔ
|I love the Japanese language||我喜欢日文|
wǒ xǐhuān rìwén
|I speak Italian||我说意大利语|
wǒ shuō yìdàlì yǔ
|I want to learn Spanish||我要学西班牙语|
wǒ yào xué xībānyá yǔ
|My mother tongue is German||我的母语是德文|
wǒ de mǔyǔ shì dé wén
|Spanish is easy to learn|
|He has a Moroccan rug||他有个摩洛哥杯子|
tā yǒu gè móluògē bēizi
|I have an American car||我有一辆美国车。|
wǒ yǒu yī liàng měiguó chē.
|I love French cheese||我爱吃法国起司。|
Wǒ ài chī fàguó qǐ sī.
Wǒ shì yìdàlì rén.
|My father is Greek||我父亲是。。。|
Wǒ fùqīn shì...
|My wife is Korean||我老婆/太太是韩国人。|
Wǒ lǎopó/tàitài shì hánguó rén.
|Have you ever been to India?||你去过印度吗？|
Nǐ qùguò yìndù ma?
|I came from Spain||我来自西班牙|
Wǒ láizì xībānyá
|I live in America||我住在美国。|
wǒ zhù zài měiguó.
|I want to go to Germany||我要去德国。|
Wǒ yào qù déguó.
|I was born in Italy||我在意大利书生。|
Wǒ zài yìdàlì shūshēng.
|Japan is a beautiful country||日本是一个很漂亮的国家。|
Rìběn shì yīgè hěn piàoliang de guójiā.
|Long time no see||好久不见|
|I missed you||很想念你|
hěn xiǎngniàn nǐ
zuìjìn hǎo ma?
Gēn píngcháng yīyàng
|Make yourself at home!||进来坐|
|Have a good trip||一路平安|
Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.
Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in Chinese about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Chinese Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Chinese homepage.