Turkish Lesson 4 (Prepositions and Directions)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Turkish Lessons
Linguistic Turkish Vocabulary
Culture Turkish Phrases
Structure Turkish Grammar

This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Turkish like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Turkish Classes.


Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.

Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Turkish, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Prepositions List in Turkish

Prepositions Turkish Audio
In front ofönünde
On top ofüzerinde
About (in regards to)hakkında
As (similar to)gibi
Instead ofyerine
To... (y)a

Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Turkish sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Turkish Prepositions in a Sentence

English Turkish Audio
Can I practice Italian with you?Seninle İtalyanca pratiği yapabilir miyim?
I speak French but with an accentFransızca konuşuyorum, ama aksanlı
I was born in MiamiMiami'de doğdum
I'm from JapanJaponyalıyım
The letter is inside the bookMektup kitabın içinde
The pen is under the deskKalem masanın altında
Can I help you?Yardım edebilir miyim?


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Turkish contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Directions

Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.

Giving Directions in Turkish

Directions Turkish Audio
Can you help me?Yardım edebilir misiniz?
Can you show me?Bana gösterebilir misin?
Come with me!Benimle gelin!
Downtown (city center)Şehir merkezi
Excuse me! (to ask someone)Afedersiniz!
Go straightDüz gidin
How can I get to the museum? Müzeye nasıl gidebilirim?
How long does it take to get there?Oraya gitmek ne kadar sürer?
I'm lostKayboldum
I'm not from hereBuralı değilim
It's far from hereBuradan uzak
It's near hereBuraya yakın
One moment please!Bir dakika lütfen!
Turn leftSola dönün
Turn rightSağa dönün
To driveSürmek
To turnDönmek
To walkYürümek
Traffic lightTrafik ışığı


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Daily Conversation in Turkish

Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Turkish. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Turkish Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Turkish

English Turkish Audio
Do you speak English?İngilizce konuşuyor musun?
Just a littleSadece biraz
What's your name?Adın nedir?
My name is (John Doe)Adım (John Doe)
Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...Bay... / Bayan...
Nice to meet you!Tanıştığımıza memnun oldum!
You're very kind!Çok iyisiniz!

Fun Facts

Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..

Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Turkish about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Turkish Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Turkish homepage.

Lessons Turkish Lessons
Linguistic Turkish Vocabulary
Culture Turkish Phrases
Structure Turkish Grammar