Turkish Lesson 3 (Plural and Languages)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Turkish Lessons
Linguistic Turkish Vocabulary
Culture Turkish Phrases
Structure Turkish Grammar

The 3rd lesson is about the plural in Turkish and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Turkish Classes.


Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word "book" to "books" or "woman" to "women".

Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, Turkish, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Singular vs. Plural in Turkish

English Turkish Audio

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Turkish sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.

Singular vs. Plural in a Sentence

English Turkish Audio
We speak two languagesİki dil konuşuyoruz
They speak four languagesDört dil konuşuyorlar
I visited one countryTek bir ülke ziyaret ettim
She visited three countriesO üç ülke ziyaret etti
She has one sisterTek bir kızkardeşi var
He has two sistersİki kızkardeşi var


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Turkish contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Languages, Nationalities, and Countries

Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.

Languages Nationalities and Countries List in Turkish

English Turkish Audio
Arabic (language)arapça
Moroccan (nationality)Faslı
Morocco (country)fas
Brazilian (language)Brezilyaca
Brazilian (nationality)Brezilyalı
Brazil (country)Brezilya
Chinese (language)çince
Chinese (nationality)Çinli
China (country)çin
English (language)İngilizce
British (nationality)Britanyalı
Britain (country)Britanya
American (nationality)Amerikalı
America (country)Amerika
French (language)fransızca
French (nationality)Fransız
France (country)fransa
German (language)almanca
German (nationality)Alman
Germany (country)almanya
Greek (language)yunanca
Greek (nationality)Yunan
Greece (country)yunanistan
Hindi (language)hintçe
Indian (nationality)Hintli
India (country)hindistan
Irish (language)İrlandaca
Irish (nationality)İrlandalı
Ireland (country)İrlanda
Italian (language)İtalyanca
Italian (nationality)İtalyan
Italy (country)İtalya
Japanese (language)japonca
Japanese (nationality)Japon
Japan (country)japonya
Korean (language)Korece
Korean (nationality)Koreli
Korea (country)Kore
Persian (language)Farsça
Iranian (nationality)İranlı
Iran (country)İran
Portuguese (language)Portekizce
Portuguese (nationality)Portekizli
Portugal (country)Portekiz
Russian (language)rusça
Russian (nationality)Rus
Russia (country)rusya
Spanish (language)İspanyolca
Spanish (nationality)İspanyol
Spain (country)İspanya


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Daily Conversation in Turkish

Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Turkish Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Turkish

English Turkish Audio
I don't speak KoreanKorece konuşamıyorum
I love the Japanese languageJaponcayı seviyorum
I speak Italianİtalyanca biliyorum
I want to learn Spanishİspanyolca öğrenmek istiyorum
My mother tongue is GermanAna dilim Almanca
Spanish is easy to learnİspanyolca öğrenmek kolay
He has a Moroccan rugFas yapımı halısı var
I have an American carAmerikan yapımı arabam var
I love French cheeseFransız peynirini seviyorum
I'm Italianİtalyanım
My father is GreekBabam Yunan
My wife is KoreanKarım Koreli
Have you ever been to India?Hiç Hindistan'a gittin mi?
I came from Spainİspanya'dan geldim
I live in AmericaAmerika'da yaşıyorum
I want to go to GermanyAlmanya'ya gitmek istiyorum
I was born in Italyİtalya'da doğdum
Japan is a beautiful countryJaponya çok güzel bir ülke
Long time no seeUzun zamandır görüşmedik
I missed youSeni özledim
What's new?Yeni neler var?
Nothing newYeni bir şey yok
Make yourself at home!Keyfine bak
Have a good tripİyi yolculuklar

Fun Facts

Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.

Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in Turkish about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Turkish Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Turkish homepage.

Lessons Turkish Lessons
Linguistic Turkish Vocabulary
Culture Turkish Phrases
Structure Turkish Grammar