Plural

Greek Lesson 3 (Plural and Languages)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Greek Lessons
Linguistic Greek Vocabulary
Culture Greek Phrases
Structure Greek Grammar

The 3rd lesson is about the plural in Greek and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Greek Classes.

Plural

Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word "book" to "books" or "woman" to "women".

Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, Greek, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Singular vs. Plural in Greek

English Greek Audio
Countryχώρα
chó̱ra
Countriesχώρες
chó̱res
Lakeλίμνη
límni̱
Lakesλίμνες
límnes
Languageγλώσσα
gló̱ssa
Languagesγλώσσες
gló̱sses
Womanγυναίκα
gynaíka
Womenγυναίκες
gynaíkes
Manάντρας / άνθρωπος
ántras / ánthro̱pos
Menάντρες / άνθρωποι
ántres / ánthro̱poi
Boyαγόρι
agóri
Boysαγόρια
agória
Girlκορίτσι
korítsi
Girlsκορίτσια
korítsia

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Greek sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.

Singular vs. Plural in a Sentence

English Greek Audio
We speak two languagesΜιλάμε δύο γλώσσες
Miláme dýo gló̱sses
They speak four languagesΑυτοί μιλούν τέσσερις γλώσσες
Af̱toí miloún tésseris gló̱sses
I visited one countryΕπισκέφτηκα μία χώρα
Episkéfti̱ka mía chó̱ra
She visited three countriesΑυτή επισκέφτηκε τρεις χώρες
Af̱tí̱ episkéfti̱ke treis chó̱res
She has one sisterΑυτή έχει μία αδερφή
Af̱tí̱ échei mía aderfí̱
He has two sistersΑυτός έχει δύο αδερφές
Af̱tós échei dýo aderfés

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Greek contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Languages, Nationalities, and Countries

Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.

Languages Nationalities and Countries List in Greek

English Greek Audio
Arabic (language)αραβικά
araviká
Moroccan (nationality)Μαροκινός / Μαροκινή
Marokinós / Marokiní̱
Morocco (country)Μαρόκο
Maróko
Brazilian (language)πορτογαλικά Βραζιλίας
portogaliká Vrazilías
Brazilian (nationality)Βραζιλιάνος / Βραζιλιάνα
Vraziliános / Vraziliána
Brazil (country)Βραζιλία
Vrazilía
Chinese (language)κινέζικα
kinézika
Chinese (nationality)Κινέζος / Κινέζα
Kinézos / Kinéza
China (country)Κίνα
Kína
English (language)αγγλικά
angliká
British (nationality)Βρετανός / Βρετανίδα
Vretanós / Vretanída
Britain (country)Βρετανία
Vretanía
American (nationality)Αμερικανός / Αμερικανίδα
Amerikanós / Amerikanída
America (country)Αμερική
Amerikí̱
French (language)γαλλικά
galliká
French (nationality)Γάλλος / Γαλλίδα
Gállos / Gallída
France (country)Γαλλία
Gallía
German (language)γερμανικά
germaniká
German (nationality)Γερμανός / Γερμανίδα
Germanós / Germanída
Germany (country)Γερμανία
Germanía
Greek (language)ελληνικά
elli̱niká
Greek (nationality)Έλληνας / Ελληνίδα
Élli̱nas / Elli̱nída
Greece (country)Ελλάδα
Elláda
Hindi (language)χίντι
chínti
Indian (nationality)Ινδός / Ινδή
Indós / Indí̱
India (country)Ινδία
Indía
Irish (language)ιρλανδικά
irlandiká
Irish (nationality)Ιρλανδός / Ιρλανδέζα
Irlandós / Irlandéza
Ireland (country)Ιρλανδία
Irlandía
Italian (language)ιταλικά
italiká
Italian (nationality)Ιταλός / Ιταλίδα
Italós / Italída
Italy (country)Ιταλία
Italía
Japanese (language)ιαπωνικά / ιαπωνέζικα
iapo̱niká / iapo̱nézika
Japanese (nationality)Ιάπωνας / Ιαπωνέζα
Iápo̱nas / Iapo̱néza
Japan (country)Ιαπωνία
Iapo̱nía
Korean (language)κορεατικά
koreatiká
Korean (nationality)Κορεάτης / Κορεάτισσα
Koreáti̱s / Koreátissa
Korea (country)Κορέα
Koréa
Persian (language)περσικά
persiká
Iranian (nationality)Ιρανός / Ιρανίδα
Iranós / Iranída
Iran (country)Ιράν
Irán
Portuguese (language)πορτογαλικά
portogaliká
Portuguese (nationality)Πορτογάλος / Πορτογαλέζα
Portogálos / Portogaléza
Portugal (country)Πορτογαλία
Portogalía
Russian (language)ρώσικα
ró̱sika
Russian (nationality)Ρώσος / Ρωσίδα
Ró̱sos / Ro̱sída
Russia (country)Ρωσία
Ro̱sía
Spanish (language)ισπανικά
ispaniká
Spanish (nationality)Ισπανός / Ισπανίδα
Ispanós / Ispanída
Spain (country)Ισπανία
Ispanía

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Daily Conversation in Greek

Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Greek Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Greek

English Greek Audio
Languages
I don't speak KoreanΔεν μιλάω κορεατικά
Den miláo̱ koreatiká
I love the Japanese languageΜου αρέσει η ιαπωνική γλώσσα
Mou arései i̱ iapo̱nikí̱ gló̱ssa
I speak ItalianΜιλάω ιταλικά
Miláo̱ italiká
I want to learn SpanishΘέλω να μάθω ισπανικά
Thélo̱ na mátho̱ ispaniká
My mother tongue is GermanΗ μητρική μου γλώσσα είναι τα γερμανικά
I̱ mi̱trikí̱ mou gló̱ssa eínai ta germaniká
Spanish is easy to learnΕίναι εύκολο να μάθεις ισπανικά
Eínai éf̱kolo na mátheis ispaniká
Origins
He has a Moroccan rug(Αυτός) έχει ένα μαροκινό χαλί
(Af̱tós) échei éna marokinó chalí
I have an American carΈχω ένα αμερικανικό αυτοκίνητο
Écho̱ éna amerikanikó af̱tokíni̱to
I love French cheeseΜου αρέσει το γαλλικό τυρί
Mou arései to gallikó tyrí
I'm ItalianΕίμαι Ιταλός / Ιταλίδα
Eímai Italós / Italída
My father is GreekΟ πατέρας μου είναι Έλληνας
O patéras mou eínai Élli̱nas
My wife is KoreanΗ γυναίκα μου είναι Κορεάτισσα
I̱ gynaíka mou eínai Koreátissa
Countries
Have you ever been to India?Έχεις πάει ποτέ στην Ινδία;
Écheis páei poté sti̱n Indía?
I came from SpainΉρθα από την Ισπανία
Í̱rtha apó ti̱n Ispanía
I live in AmericaΖω στην Αμερική
Zo̱ sti̱n Amerikí̱
I want to go to GermanyΘέλω να πάω στην Γερμανία
Thélo̱ na páo̱ sti̱n Germanía
I was born in ItalyΓεννήθηκα στην Ιταλία
Genní̱thi̱ka sti̱n Italía
Japan is a beautiful countryΗ Ιαπωνία είναι όμορφη χώρα
I̱ Iapo̱nía eínai ómorfi̱ chó̱ra
Phrases
Long time no seeΠολύ καιρό να τα πούμε
Polý kairó na ta poúme
I missed youΜου έλειψες
Mou éleipses
What's new?Τι νέα;
Ti néa?
Nothing newΤίποτα καινούριο
Típota kainoúrio
Make yourself at home!Σαν στο σπίτι σου!
San sto spíti sou!
Have a good tripΚαλό ταξίδι
Kaló taxídi

Fun Facts

Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.

Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in Greek about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Greek Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Greek homepage.

Lessons Greek Lessons
Linguistic Greek Vocabulary
Culture Greek Phrases
Structure Greek Grammar