Adjectives

Greek Lesson 2 (Adjectives and Food)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Greek Lessons
Linguistic Greek Vocabulary
Culture Greek Phrases
Structure Greek Grammar

This second lesson teaches many important aspect in Greek like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Greek Classes.

Adjectives

Knowing adjectives in Greek is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as "good", "bad", "right", "wrong" etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. Greek is easy.

Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Greek, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Adjectives List in Greek

Adjectives Greek Audio
Tallψηλός
psi̱lós
Shortσύντομο
sýntomo
Bigμεγάλος
megálos
Wideφαρδύς
fardýs
Longμακρύς
makrýs
Smallμικρός
mikrós
Thickπαχύς
pachýs
Thinλεπτός
leptós
Newνέος / καινούριος
néos / kainoúrios
Old (opposite of new)παλιός
paliós
Cheapφτηνός
fti̱nós
Expensiveακριβός
akrivós
Youngνέος
néos
Old (opposite of young)γέρος / γριά
géros / griá
Wrongλάθος
láthos
Right (correct)Σωστό
So̱stó
Goodκαλός
kalós
Badκακός
kakós
Difficultδύσκολος
dýskolos
Easyεύκολος
éf̱kolos

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Greek sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Greek Adjectives in a Sentence

English Greek Audio
Am I right or wrong?Έχω δίκιο ή δεν έχω;
Écho̱ díkio í̱ den écho̱?
Is he younger or older than you?Αυτός είναι νεότερος ή μεγαλύτερος από εσένα;
Af̱tós eínai neóteros í̱ megalýteros apó eséna?
Is the test easy or difficult?Το τεστ είναι εύκολο ή δύσκολο;
To test eínai éf̱kolo í̱ dýskolo?
Is this book new or old?Είναι καινούριο ή παλιό βιβλίο;
Eínai kainoúrio í̱ palió vivlío?
This is so expensiveΑυτό είναι πολύ ακριβό
Af̱tó eínai polý akrivó

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Greek contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Food

Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.

Food List in Greek

Food Greek Audio
Breakfastπρωινό
pro̱inó
Lunchμεσημεριανό
mesi̱merianó
Dinnerδείπνο / βραδινό
deípno / vradinó
Mealγεύμα
gév̱ma
Applesμήλα
mí̱la
Avocadosαβοκάντο
avokánto
Bananasμπανάνες
banánes
Beansφασόλια
fasólia
Breadψωμί
pso̱mí
Butterβούτυρο
voútyro
Carrots καρότα
karóta
Cheeseτυρί
tyrí
Chickenκοτόπουλο
kotópoulo
Coffeeκαφές
kafés
Cornκαλαμπόκι
kalampóki
Cucumbersαγγούρια
angoúria
Eggsαυγά
av̱gá
Figsσύκα
sýka
Fishψάρι
psári
Foodτροφή / φαγητό
trofí̱ / fagi̱tó
FruitΦρούτα
Froúta
Garlicσκόρδο
skórdo
Grapesσταφύλια
stafýlia
Ice creamπαγωτό
pago̱tó
Lemonsλεμόνια
lemónia
Lettuceμαρούλι
maroúli
Meatκρέας
kréas
Milkγάλα
gála
Olivesελιές
eliés
Onionsκρεμμύδια
kremmýdia
Orange juiceχυμός πορτοκάλι
chymós portokáli
Orangesπορτοκάλια
portokália
Peachesροδάκινα
rodákina
Pearsαχλάδια
achládia
Peppersπιπεριές
piperiés
Pineapplesανανάδες
ananádes
Pizzaπίτσα
pítsa
Potatoesπατάτες
patátes
Pumpkinκολοκύθα
kolokýtha
Saladσαλάτα
saláta
Saltαλάτι
aláti
Sandwichσάντουιτς
sántouits
Soda (like Coke)αναψυκτικό
anapsyktikó
Strawberriesφράουλες
fráoules
Sugarζάχαρη
záchari̱
TeaΤσάι
Tsái
Tomatoesντομάτες
ntomátes
VegetablesΛαχανικά
Lachaniká
Waterνερό
neró
Watermelonκαρπούζι
karpoúzi

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Daily Conversation in Greek

Finally, a list of sentences If you simply want to ask a question, please vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Greek Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Greek

English Greek Audio
Are you thirsty?Διψάς;
Dipsás?
I'm hungryΠεινάω
Peináo̱
Do you have a bottle of water?Έχεις ένα μπουκάλι νερό;
Écheis éna boukáli neró?
Breakfast is readyΤο πρωινό είναι έτοιμο
To pro̱inó eínai étoimo
What kind of food do you like?Τί φαγητό σου αρέσει;
Tí fagi̱tó sou arései?
I like cheeseΜου αρέσει το τυρί
Mou arései to tyrí
Bananas taste sweetΟι μπανάνες έχουν γλυκιά γεύση
Oi banánes échoun glykiá géf̱si̱
I don't like cucumberΔεν μου αρέσει το αγγούρι
Den mou arései to angoúri
I like bananasΜου αρέσουν οι μπανάνες
Mou arésoun oi banánes
Lemons taste sourΤα λεμόνια έχουν ξινή γεύση
Ta lemónia échoun xiní̱ géf̱si̱
This fruit is deliciousΑυτό το φρούτο είναι γευστικότατο
Af̱tó to froúto eínai gef̱stikótato
Vegetables are healthyΤα λαχανικά είναι υγιεινά
Ta lachaniká eínai ygieiná
Hi!Γειά σου
Geiá sou
Good morning!Καλημέρα
Kali̱méra
Good afternoon!Καλό απόγευμα
Kaló apógev̱ma
Good evening!Καλησπέρα
Kali̱spéra
Welcome!Καλώς ήρθατε / Καλώς ορίσατε!
Kaló̱s í̱rthate / Kaló̱s orísate!
How are you? (informal)Τι κάνεις; / Πώς είσαι;
Ti káneis? / Pó̱s eísai?
How are you? (formal)Τι κάνετε; / Πώς είστε;
Ti kánete? / Pó̱s eíste?
What's up? (colloquial) Τι γίνεται; / Τι τρέχει; / Τι νέα; / Πώς πάει;
Ti gínetai? / Ti tréchei? / Ti néa? / Pó̱s páei?
I'm fine, thank you!Είμαι καλά, ευχαριστώ
Eímai kalá, ef̱charistó̱
And you? (informal)Και εσύ;
Kai esý?
And you? (formal)Και εσείς;
Kai eseís?
GoodΚαλά
Kalá

Fun Facts

Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.

Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in Greek about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Greek Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Greek homepage.

Lessons Greek Lessons
Linguistic Greek Vocabulary
Culture Greek Phrases
Structure Greek Grammar