German Lesson 3 (Plural and Languages)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons German Lessons
Linguistic German Vocabulary
Culture German Phrases
Structure German Grammar

The 3rd lesson is about the plural in German and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at German Classes.


Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word "book" to "books" or "woman" to "women".

Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, German, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Singular vs. Plural in German

English German Audio

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full German sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.

Singular vs. Plural in a Sentence

English German Audio
We speak two languagesWir sprechen zwei Sprachen
They speak four languagesSie sprechen vier Sprachen
I visited one countryIch habe ein Land bereist
She visited three countriesSie hat drei Länder bereist
She has one sisterSie hat eine Schwester
He has two sistersEr hat zwei Schwestern


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Vocabulary List about Languages, Nationalities, and Countries

Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.

Languages Nationalities and Countries List in German

English German Audio
Arabic (language)Arabisch
Moroccan (nationality)Marokkaner / Marokkanerin
Morocco (country)Marokko
Brazilian (language)Brasilianisch
Brazilian (nationality)Brasilianer / Brasilianerin
Brazil (country)Brasilien
Chinese (language)Chinesisch
Chinese (nationality)Chinese / Chinesin
China (country)China
English (language)Englisch
British (nationality)Briten
Britain (country)Britannien
American (nationality)Amerikaner / Amerikanerin
America (country)Amerika
French (language)Französisch
French (nationality)Franzosen
France (country)Frankreich
German (language)Deutsch
German (nationality)Deutsche
Germany (country)Deutschland
Greek (language)Griechisch
Greek (nationality)Grieche / Griechin
Greece (country)Griechenland
Hindi (language)Hindi
Indian (nationality)Inder
India (country)Indien
Irish (language)irisch
Irish (nationality)Ire/Irin
Ireland (country)Irland
Italian (language)Italienisch
Italian (nationality)Italiener / Italienerin
Italy (country)Italien
Japanese (language)Japanisch
Japanese (nationality)Japaner / Japanerin
Japan (country)Japan
Korean (language)Koreanisch
Korean (nationality)Koreaner / Koreanerin
Korea (country)Korea
Persian (language)Persisch
Iranian (nationality)Iraner / Iranerin
Iran (country)Iran
Portuguese (language)Portugiesisch
Portuguese (nationality)Portugiese / Portugiesin
Portugal (country)Portugal
Russian (language)Russisch
Russian (nationality)Russe / Russin
Russia (country)Russland
Spanish (language)Spanisch
Spanish (nationality)Spanier/Spanierin
Spain (country)Spanien


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Daily Conversation in German

Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our German Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in German

English German Audio
I don't speak KoreanIch spreche kein Koreanisch
I love the Japanese languageIch liebe die japanische Sprache
I speak ItalianIch spreche Italienisch
I want to learn SpanishIch möchte Spanisch lernen.
My mother tongue is GermanMeine Muttersprache ist Deutsch
Spanish is easy to learnSpanisch ist leicht zu lernen
He has a Moroccan rugEr hat einen marokkanischen Teppich
I have an American carIch habe ein amerikanisches Auto
I love French cheeseIch liebe französischen Käse
I'm ItalianIch bin Italiener / Ich bin Italienerin
My father is GreekMein Vater ist Grieche
My wife is KoreanMeine Ehefrau ist Koreanerin
Have you ever been to India?Waren Sie schonmal in Indien?
I came from SpainIch kam aus Spanien
I live in AmericaIch lebe in Amerika
I want to go to GermanyIch möchte nach Deutschland
I was born in ItalyIch wurde in Italien geboren
Japan is a beautiful countryJapan ist ein schönes Land
Long time no seeLange nicht gesehen
I missed youIch habe dich vermisst
What's new?Was gibt's Neues?
Nothing newNichts Neues
Make yourself at home!Fühlen Sie sich wie zu Hause.
Have a good tripGute Reise

Fun Facts

Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.

Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in German about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend German Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn German homepage.

Lessons German Lessons
Linguistic German Vocabulary
Culture German Phrases
Structure German Grammar