This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Finnish like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Finnish Classes.
Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.
Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Finnish, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
|In front of||edessä|
|On top of||päällä|
|About (in regards to)||noin|
|As (similar to)||kuin|
|In||- ssa; -ssä|
|Since||(jostakin) lähtien / asti|
|To||-aan, -een, -iin, -oon, -uun, -yyn, -ään, -öön|
Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Finnish sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.
|Can I practice Italian with you?||Voinko harjoitella italiaa kanssasi?|
|I speak French but with an accent||Puhun ranskaa, mutta korostaen|
|I was born in Miami||Synnyin Miamissa|
|I'm from Japan||Olen Japanista|
|The letter is inside the book||Kirje on kirjan sisällä|
|The pen is under the desk||Kynä on työpöydän alla|
|Can I help you?||Voinko auttaa sinua?|
If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Finnish contact form on the header above.
Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.
|Can you help me?||Voitko auttaa minua?|
|Can you show me?||Voisitko näyttää minulle?|
|Come with me!||Tule mukaani!|
|Downtown (city center)||Keskusta|
|Excuse me! (to ask someone)||Anteeksi!|
|Go straight||Mene suoraan|
|How can I get to the museum?||Miten pääsen museolle?|
|How long does it take to get there?||Kuinka kauan kestää päästä sinne?|
|I'm lost||Olen eksynyt|
|I'm not from here||En ole täältä|
|It's far from here||Se on kaukana täältä|
|It's near here||Se on lähistöllä|
|One moment please!||Pieni hetki!|
|Turn left||Käänny vasempaan|
|Turn right||Käänny oikealle|
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Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Finnish. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Finnish Phrases page. Enjoy!
|Do you speak English?||Puhutko englantia?|
|Just a little||Vain vähän, Jonkin verran|
|What's your name?||Mikä on nimesi?|
|My name is (John Doe)||Nimeni on (Matti Meikäläinen)|
|Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...||Herra... / Rouva... / Neiti...|
|Nice to meet you!||Mukava tavata! Ilo tutustua!|
|You're very kind!||Olettepa ystävällinen!|
Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..
Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Finnish about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Finnish Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Finnish homepage.