Urdu Lesson 4 (Prepositions and Directions)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Urdu Lessons
Linguistic Urdu Vocabulary
Culture Urdu Phrases
Structure Urdu Grammar

This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Urdu like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Urdu Classes.


Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.

Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Urdu, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Prepositions List in Urdu

Prepositions Urdu Audio
In front ofکے سامنے
Afterکے بعد
Withکے ساتھ
Withoutکے بغیر
On top ofکے اوپر
Underکے نیچے
About (in regards to)سے متعلق
As (similar to)جتنا، کے جیسا
Betweenکے درمیان
Butمگر، لیکن
Forبابت، برائے
Instead ofکے بجائے
Sinceچونکہ ،جب سے
Soاس لۓ
Toبیرے کو دی جانے والی بخشیش
Untilجب تک

Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Urdu sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Urdu Prepositions in a Sentence

English Urdu Audio
Can I practice Italian with you?کیا میں آپکے ساتھ اطالوی زبان کی مشق کر سکتا ہوں؟
I speak French but with an accentمیں فرانسیسی زبان بولتا ہوں مگرالگ لہجے میں
I was born in Miamiمیں میامی میں پیدا ہوا تھا
I'm from Japanمیرا تعلق جاپان سے ہے
The letter is inside the bookخط کتاب کے اندر ہے
The pen is under the deskقلم میز کے نیچے ہے
Can I help you?کیا میں آپ کی مدد کر سکتا ہوں ؟


If you have any questions, please contact me using the Urdu contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Directions

Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.

Giving Directions in Urdu

Directions Urdu Audio
Can you help me?کیا آپ میری مدد کر سکتے ہیں ؟
Can you show me?کیا آپ مجھے دکھا سکتے ہیں؟
Come with me!!میرے ساتھ آئیں
Downtown (city center)صدر
Excuse me! (to ask someone)!معاف کیجئے
Go straightسیدھے جائیں
How can I get to the museum? میں عجایب گھرتک کیسے جا سکتا ہوں؟
How long does it take to get there?وہاں جانے میں کتنا وقت لگتا ہے؟
I'm lostمیں گم ہو گیا ہوں
I'm not from hereمیں ادھر سے نہیں ہوں
It's far from hereیہ ادھر سے دور ہے
It's near hereیہ ادھر سے قریب ہے
One moment please!!ایک لمحہ روکیئے
Turn leftبائیں کی طرف مڑیں
Turn rightدائیں کی طرف مڑیں
Nearکے قریب
To driveکو
To turnمڑنا
To walkپیدل چلنا
Traffic lightٹریفک سگنل


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Daily Conversation in Urdu

Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Urdu. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Urdu Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Urdu

English Urdu Audio
Do you speak English?کیا آپ انگریزی بولتے ہیں؟
Just a littleتھوڑا سا
What's your name?آپ کا کیا نام ہے؟
My name is (John Doe)میرا نام (جان ڈو) ہے
Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...جناب۔۔۔/بیگم۔۔۔/محترمہ۔۔۔
Nice to meet you!!آپ سے مل کر خوشی ہوئی
You're very kind!!آپ بہت رحمدل ہیں

Fun Facts

Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..

Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Urdu about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Urdu Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Urdu homepage.

Lessons Urdu Lessons
Linguistic Urdu Vocabulary
Culture Urdu Phrases
Structure Urdu Grammar