This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Portuguese like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Portuguese Classes.
Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.
Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Portuguese, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
|In front of||em frente de|
|On top of||em cima de|
|About (in regards to)||sobre|
|As (similar to)||como|
|Instead of||em vez de|
Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Portuguese sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.
|Can I practice Italian with you?||Posso praticar o italiano contigo?|
|I speak French but with an accent||Eu falo francês mas com pronúncia|
|I was born in Miami||Nasci em Miami|
|I'm from Japan||Sou do Japão|
|The letter is inside the book||A carta está dentro do livro|
|The pen is under the desk||A caneta está debaixo da mesa|
|Can I help you?||Posso ajudá-lo(a)?|
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Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.
|Can you help me?||Pode ajudar-me? (PT) / Você pode me ajudar? (BR)|
|Can you show me?||Pode indicar-me / indicar-nos?|
|Come with me!||Venha(m) comigo!|
|Downtown (city center)||Baixa (centro da cidade)|
|Excuse me! (to ask someone)||Desculpe!|
|Go straight||Siga(m) em frente|
|How can I get to the museum?||Como é que se vai para o museu?|
|How long does it take to get there?||Quanto tempo leva a chegar lá?|
|I'm lost||Estou perdido(a)|
|I'm not from here||Não sou de cá|
|It's far from here||É longe daqui|
|It's near here||É perto daqui|
|One moment please!||Um momento, por favor!|
|Turn left||Vire(m) à esquerda|
|Turn right||Vire(m) à direita|
|Here||Cá / Aqui|
|There||Lá / Ali|
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Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Portuguese. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Portuguese Phrases page. Enjoy!
|Do you speak English?||Falas inglês?|
|Just a little||Só um pouco|
|What's your name?||Como te chamas?|
|My name is (John Doe)||Chamo-me (John Doe) / O meu nome é (John Doe)|
|Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...||Senhor... / Senhora... / Menina...|
|Nice to meet you!||Prazer em conhecer-te!|
|You're very kind!||És muito amável!|
Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..
Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Portuguese about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Portuguese Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Portuguese homepage.