Portuguese Lesson 4 (Prepositions and Directions)

Duration: 30 mins

This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Portuguese like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Portuguese Classes.


Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.

Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Portuguese, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Prepositions List in Portuguese

Prepositions Portuguese Audio
In front ofem frente de
Behindatrás de
Insidedentro de
Outsidefora de
On top ofem cima de
Underdebaixo de
About (in regards to)sobre
As (similar to)como
Instead ofem vez de

Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Portuguese sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Portuguese Prepositions in a Sentence

English Portuguese Audio
Can I practice Italian with you?Posso praticar o italiano contigo?
I speak French but with an accentEu falo francês mas com pronúncia
I was born in MiamiNasci em Miami
I'm from JapanSou do Japão
The letter is inside the bookA carta está dentro do livro
The pen is under the deskA caneta está debaixo da mesa
Can I help you?Posso ajudá-lo(a)?


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Portuguese contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Directions

Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.

Giving Directions in Portuguese

Directions Portuguese Audio
Can you help me?Pode ajudar-me? (PT) / Você pode me ajudar? (BR)
Can you show me?Pode indicar-me / indicar-nos?
Come with me!Venha(m) comigo!
Downtown (city center)Baixa (centro da cidade)
Excuse me! (to ask someone)Desculpe!
Go straightSiga(m) em frente
How can I get to the museum? Como é que se vai para o museu?
How long does it take to get there?Quanto tempo leva a chegar lá?
I'm lostEstou perdido(a)
I'm not from hereNão sou de cá
It's far from hereÉ longe daqui
It's near hereÉ perto daqui
One moment please!Um momento, por favor!
Turn leftVire(m) à esquerda
Turn rightVire(m) à direita
HereCá / Aqui
StraightEm frente
ThereLá / Ali
To driveConduzir
To turnVirar
To walkAndar
Traffic lightSemáforo


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Daily Conversation in Portuguese

Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Portuguese. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Portuguese Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Portuguese

English Portuguese Audio
Do you speak English?Falas inglês?
Just a littleSó um pouco
What's your name?Como te chamas?
My name is (John Doe)Chamo-me (John Doe) / O meu nome é (John Doe)
Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...Senhor... / Senhora... / Menina...
Nice to meet you!Prazer em conhecer-te!
You're very kind!És muito amável!

Fun Facts

Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..

Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Portuguese about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Portuguese Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Portuguese homepage.