Prepositions

Malay Lesson 4 (Prepositions and Directions)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Malay Lessons
Linguistic Malay Vocabulary
Culture Malay Phrases
Structure Malay Grammar

This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Malay like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Malay Classes.

Prepositions

Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.

Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Malay, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Prepositions List in Malay

Prepositions Malay
In front ofDi depan
BehindDi belakang
BeforeSebelum
AfterSelepas
InsideDi dalam
WithDengan
WithoutTanpa
OutsideDi luar
On top ofdi atas
UnderBawah
About (in regards to)Tentang
Againstterhadap
AndDan
As (similar to)sebagai
BetweenDi antara
ButTetapi
ForUntuk
FromDari
InDi/di dalam
Instead ofdaripada
NearDekat
Ofdari
OrAtau
Sincesejak
SoJadi
ToDuit tip
Untilsehingga

Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Malay sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Malay Prepositions in a Sentence

English Malay
Can I practice Italian with you?Boleh saya berlatih bahasa Itali dengan awak?
I speak French but with an accentSaya boleh bercakap bahasa Perancis tetapi dengan loghat sikit
I was born in MiamiSaya dilahirkan di Miami
I'm from JapanSaya dari Jepun
The letter is inside the bookSurat itu berada di dalam buku
The pen is under the deskPen itu berada di bawah meja
Directions
Can I help you?Boleh saya bantu anda?

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Malay contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Directions

Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.

Giving Directions in Malay

Directions Malay
Can you help me?Boleh anda bantu saya?
Can you show me?Bolehkah anda tunjukkan kepada saya?
Come with me!Jom ikut saya!
Downtown (city center)Pusat bandar
Excuse me! (to ask someone)Harap maaf! Boleh saya bertanya?
Go straightJalan terus
How can I get to the museum? Bagaimana hendak ke muzium?
How long does it take to get there?Berapa lamakah perjalanan ke sana?
I'm lostSaya sesat
I'm not from hereSaya bukan dari tempat ini.
It's far from hereIanya jauh dari sini
It's near hereIanya dekat sahaja dari sini
One moment please!Tunggu sekejap
Turn leftBelok kiri
Turn rightBelok kanan
FarJauh
Heresini
LeftKiri
RightKanan
NearBerhampiran
StraightTerus ke depan
ThereSana
To driveKe
To turnperlu pusing
To walkPerlu berjalan
Traffic lightLampu isyarat
TransportationPengangkutan

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Daily Conversation in Malay

Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Malay. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Malay Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Malay

English Malay
Do you speak English?Bolehkah anda berbahasa Inggeris?
Just a littleSedikit sahaja
What's your name?Apa nama anda?
My name is (John Doe)Nama saya (John Doe)
Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...Encik / Puan / Cik
Nice to meet you!Gembira berkenalan dengan anda
You're very kind!Anda sangat baik hati!

Fun Facts

Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..

Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Malay about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Malay Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Malay homepage.

Lessons Malay Lessons
Linguistic Malay Vocabulary
Culture Malay Phrases
Structure Malay Grammar