Prepositions

Georgian Lesson 4 (Prepositions and Directions)

Duration: 30 mins

This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Georgian like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Georgian Classes.

Prepositions

Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.

Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Georgian, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Prepositions List in Georgian

Prepositions Georgian
In front ofწინ
ts'in
Behindუკან
uk'an
Before–მდე
–mde
Afterშემდეგ
shemdeg
Insideშიგნით
shignit
Withერთად
ertad
Withoutგარეშე
gareshe
Outsideგარეთ
garet
On top ofამასთან ერთად
amastan ertad
Underქვეშ
kvesh
About (in regards to)შესახებ
shesakheb
Againstწინააღმდეგ, წინ
ts'inaaghmdeg, ts'in
Andდა
da
As (similar to)როგორც
rogorts
Betweenშორის
shoris
Butმაგრამ
magram
Forგანმავლობაში, –თვის
ganmavlobashi, –tvis
From–დან
–dan
In–ში
–shi
Instead ofნაცვლად
natsvlad
Nearახლოს
akhlos
Of–ს
–s
Orან
an
Since–დან
–dan
Soმაშასადამე
mashasadame
To
Untilსანამ
sanam

Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Georgian sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Georgian Prepositions in a Sentence

English Georgian
Can I practice Italian with you?შეიძლება შენთან ერთად ვისწავლო იტალიური
sheidzleba sgentan ertad vistsavlo italiuri
I speak French but with an accentმე ვლაპარაკობ ფრანგულად, მაგრამ აქცენტით
me vlaparakob prangulad magram aqtsentit
I was born in Miamiმე დავიბადე მაიამიში
me davibade maiamishi
I'm from Japanმე იაპონიიდან ვარ
me iaponiidan var
The letter is inside the bookწერილი წიგნშია
tserili tsignshia
The pen is under the deskფანქარი მერხის ქვეშაა
pankari merkhis qveshaa
Directions
Can I help you?რით შემიზლია დაგეხმაროთ?
rit shemidzlia dagekhmarot

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Georgian contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Directions

Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.

Giving Directions in Georgian

Directions Georgian
Can you help me?შეგილიათ დამეხმაროთ?
shegidzliat damekhmarot
Can you show me?თუ შეიძლება მაჩვენეთ
tu sheidzleba machvenet
Come with me!წამომყევით
tsamomkhjevit
Downtown (city center)გარეუბანი (ქალაქის ცენრი)
gareubani (qalaqis tsentri)
Excuse me! (to ask someone)უკაცრავად
ukatsravad
Go straightიარეთ პირდაპირ
iaret pirdapir
How can I get to the museum? როგორ მივიდე მუზეუმამდე?
rogor mivide muzeumamde
How long does it take to get there?რამდენი ხანი უნდა იქამდე მისვლას?
ramdeni khani unda iqamde misvlas
I'm lostმე დავიკარგე
me davikarge
I'm not from hereმე აქაური არ ვარ
me aqauri ar var
It's far from hereეს აქედან შორსაა
es aqedan shorsaa
It's near hereეს აქ ახლოსაა
es aq akhlosaa
One moment please!ერთი წუთით თუ შეიძლება /
erti tsutit tu sheidzleba /
Turn leftშეუხვიეთ მარცხნივ
sheukhviet martskhniv
Turn rightშეუხვიეთ მარჯვნივ
sheukhviet mardzjvniv
Farშორს
shors
Hereაქ
aq
Leftმარცხნივ
martskhniv
Rightმაჯვნივ
mardzjvniv
Nearახლოს
akhlos
Straightპირდაპირ
pirdapir
Thereიქ
iq
To drive–სკენ, –მდე
–sk'en, –mde
To turnშესახვევი
shesakhvevi
To walkფეხით
pekhit
Traffic lightშუქნიშანი
shuqnishani
Transportationგადაადგილება/ტრანსპორტირება
gadaadgileba / transportireba

Donations

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Daily Conversation in Georgian

Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Georgian. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Georgian Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Georgian

English Georgian
Do you speak English?ლაპარაკობ ინგლისურად?
laparakob inglisurad
Just a littleერთი წუთით
erti tsutit
What's your name?რა გქვია?
ra gqvia
My name is (John Doe)ჩემი სახელია (ჯონ დო)
chemi sakhelia (dzjon do
Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...ბატონი/ქალბატონი/
batoni/qalbatoni/
Nice to meet you!სასიამოვნო იკჰო თქვენი გაცნობა
sasiamovno ikho tkveni gatsnoba
You're very kind!ძალიან კეთილი ხართ/ძალიან დამავალეთ
dzalian ketili xart / dzalian damavalet

Fun Facts

Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..

Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Georgian about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Georgian Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Georgian homepage.