This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Dutch like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Dutch Classes.
Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.
Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Dutch, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
|In front of||voor|
|On top of||bovenop|
|About (in regards to)||over|
|As (similar to)||als|
|From||uit / van|
|Instead of||in plaats van|
|Until||tot / totdat|
Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Dutch sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.
|Can I practice Italian with you?||Kan ik met jou Italiaans oefenen?|
|I speak French but with an accent||Ik spreek Frans maar met een accent|
|I was born in Miami||Ik ben Miami geboren|
|I'm from Japan||Ik ben van Japan|
|The letter is inside the book||De brief is in het boek|
|The pen is under the desk||De pen is onder het bureau|
|Can I help you?||Kan ik je helpen|
If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Dutch contact form on the header above.
Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.
|Can you help me?||Kun je me helpen|
|Can you show me?||Kunt u me de weg wijzen?|
|Come with me!||Kom maar mee!|
|Downtown (city center)||Stadscentrum|
|Excuse me! (to ask someone)||Wablieft?|
|Go straight||Ga rechtdoor|
|How can I get to the museum?||Hoe kom ik bij het museum|
|How long does it take to get there?||Hoe ver is het?|
|I'm lost||Ik ben de weg kwijt|
|I'm not from here||Ik ben niet van hier|
|It's far from here||Het is ver weg|
|It's near here||Het is vlakbij|
|One moment please!||Een momentje alstublieft|
|Turn left||Sla linksaf|
|Turn right||Sla rechtsaf|
|There||er / daar|
|To turn||Afslaan, omkeren|
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Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Dutch. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Dutch Phrases page. Enjoy!
|Do you speak English?||Spreek je Engels?|
|Just a little||Een klein beetje|
|What's your name?||Hoe heet je?|
|My name is (John Doe)||Ik heet (Jan Jansen)|
|Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...||Meneer, Mevrouw, Mejuffrouw (oblsolete)|
|Nice to meet you!||Leuk je te ontmoeten|
|You're very kind!||Dat is aardig van je|
Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..
Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Dutch about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Dutch Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Dutch homepage.