Prepositions

Catalan Lesson 4 (Prepositions and Directions)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Catalan Lessons
Linguistic Catalan Vocabulary
Culture Catalan Phrases
Structure Catalan Grammar

This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Catalan like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Catalan Classes.

Prepositions

Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.

Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Catalan, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Prepositions List in Catalan

Prepositions Catalan
In front ofdavant
Behinddarrere de
Beforeabans
Afterdesprés de
Insidedins/dintre
Withamb
Withoutsense
Outsidefora
On top ofsobre de
Undersota
About (in regards to)sobre
Againstcontra
Andi
As (similar to)com
Betweenentre
Butperò
Forper
Fromde
Ina/en
Instead ofen lloc de
NearA prop
Ofde
Oro
Sincedes de
SoPer la qual cosa
Topropina
Untilfins

Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Catalan sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Catalan Prepositions in a Sentence

English Catalan
Can I practice Italian with you?Puc practicar l'italià amb tu?
I speak French but with an accentParlo francès, però amb accent.
I was born in MiamiVaig néixer a Miami.
I'm from JapanSóc del Japó.
The letter is inside the bookLa carta és a dins del llibre
The pen is under the deskL'estilogràfica és sota la taula.
Directions
Can I help you?Et puc ajudar?

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Catalan contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Directions

Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.

Giving Directions in Catalan

Directions Catalan
Can you help me?Em pot ajudar?
Can you show me?Podria indicar-me?
Come with me!Vingui amb mi!
Downtown (city center)El centre (centre de la ciutat)
Excuse me! (to ask someone)Perdoni! (per preguntar a algú)
Go straightVagi recte
How can I get to the museum? Per on es va al museu?
How long does it take to get there?Quant es tarda en arribar-hi?
I'm lostEstic perdut (male) / perduda (female)
I'm not from hereNo sóc d'aquí
It's far from hereÉs lluny d'aquí
It's near hereÉs a prop d'aquí.
One moment please!Un moment si us plau!
Turn leftGiri a l'esquerra
Turn rightGiri a la dreta.
FarLluny
Hereaquí
LeftEsquerra
RightDreta
Nearprop de
StraightRecte
Thereallà
To drivea
To turngirar
To walkcaminar
Traffic lightSemàfor
TransportationTransport

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Daily Conversation in Catalan

Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Catalan. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Catalan Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Catalan

English Catalan
Do you speak English?Parles anglès?
Just a littleUn poc
What's your name?Com et dius?
My name is (John Doe)Em dic (John Doe)
Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...Sr.../ Sra.../ Senyoreta...
Nice to meet you!Encantat/ada de conèixer-te!
You're very kind!Ets moltamable!

Fun Facts

Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..

Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Catalan about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Catalan Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Catalan homepage.

Lessons Catalan Lessons
Linguistic Catalan Vocabulary
Culture Catalan Phrases
Structure Catalan Grammar