This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Catalan like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Catalan Classes.
Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.
Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Catalan, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
|In front of||davant|
|On top of||sobre de|
|About (in regards to)||sobre|
|As (similar to)||com|
|Instead of||en lloc de|
|So||Per la qual cosa|
Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Catalan sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.
|Can I practice Italian with you?||Puc practicar l'italià amb tu?|
|I speak French but with an accent||Parlo francès, però amb accent.|
|I was born in Miami||Vaig néixer a Miami.|
|I'm from Japan||Sóc del Japó.|
|The letter is inside the book||La carta és a dins del llibre|
|The pen is under the desk||L'estilogràfica és sota la taula.|
|Can I help you?||Et puc ajudar?|
If you have any questions, please contact me using the Catalan contact form on the header above.
Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.
|Can you help me?||Em pot ajudar?|
|Can you show me?||Podria indicar-me?|
|Come with me!||Vingui amb mi!|
|Downtown (city center)||El centre (centre de la ciutat)|
|Excuse me! (to ask someone)||Perdoni! (per preguntar a algú)|
|Go straight||Vagi recte|
|How can I get to the museum?||Per on es va al museu?|
|How long does it take to get there?||Quant es tarda en arribar-hi?|
|I'm lost||Estic perdut (male) / perduda (female)|
|I'm not from here||No sóc d'aquí|
|It's far from here||És lluny d'aquí|
|It's near here||És a prop d'aquí.|
|One moment please!||Un moment si us plau!|
|Turn left||Giri a l'esquerra|
|Turn right||Giri a la dreta.|
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Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Catalan. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Catalan Phrases page. Enjoy!
|Do you speak English?||Parles anglès?|
|Just a little||Un poc|
|What's your name?||Com et dius?|
|My name is (John Doe)||Em dic (John Doe)|
|Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...||Sr.../ Sra.../ Senyoreta...|
|Nice to meet you!||Encantat/ada de conèixer-te!|
|You're very kind!||Ets moltamable!|
Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..
Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Catalan about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Catalan Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Catalan homepage.