Prepositions

Bengali Lesson 4 (Prepositions and Directions)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Bengali Lessons
Linguistic Bengali Vocabulary
Culture Bengali Phrases
Structure Bengali Grammar

This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Bengali like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Bengali Classes.

Prepositions

Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.

Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Bengali, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Prepositions List in Bengali

Prepositions Bengali
In front ofসামনে
sāmanē
Behindপিছনে
pichanē
Beforeআগে
āgē
Afterপরে
parē
Insideভিতরে
bhitarē
Withসঙ্গে
saṅgē
Withoutব্যতীত/ছাড়া
byatīta/chāṛā
Outsideবাইরে
bā'irē
On top ofউপরে
uparē
Underনিচে
nicē
About (in regards to)সম্বন্ধে/সম্পর্কে/বিষয়ে
sambandhē/samparkē/biṣaẏē
Againstবিপক্ষে/পক্ষে
bipakṣē/pakṣē
Andএবং
ēbaṁ
As (similar to)রূপে/হিসাবে
rūpē/hisābē
Betweenমাঝখানে
mājhakhānē
Butকিন্তু
kintu
Forজন্য
jan'ya
Fromহইতে/থেকে
ha'itē/thēkē
Inমধ্যে/ভিতরে
madhyē/bhitarē
Instead ofস্থলে/বদলে/পরিবর্তে
sthalē/badalē/paribartē
Nearকাছে
kāchē
Ofএর
ēra
Orঅথবা
athabā
Sinceথেকে
thēkē
Soতাই
tā'i
Toবখশিশ
bakhaśiśa
Untilপর্যন্ত
paryanta

Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Bengali sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Bengali Prepositions in a Sentence

English Bengali
Can I practice Italian with you?আমি কি আপনার সঙ্গে ইতালীয় ভাষা অনুশীলন করতে পারি?
āmi ki āpanāra saṅgē itālīẏa bhāṣā anuśīlana karatē pāri?
I speak French but with an accentআমি ফরাসী বলি কিন্তু টানের সঙ্গে
Āmi pharāsī bali kintu ṭānēra saṅgē
I was born in Miamiআমার জন্ম মিয়ামিতে হয়েছিল
āmāra janma miẏāmitē haẏēchila
I'm from Japanআই জাপানে থাকি
ā'i jāpānē thāki
The letter is inside the bookচিঠিটা বইয়ের মধ্যে আছে
ciṭhiṭā ba'iẏēra madhyē āchē
The pen is under the deskপেনটা ডেস্কের নীচে আছে
pēnaṭā ḍēskēra nīcē āchē
Directions
Can I help you?আমি কি আপনাকে সাহায্য করতে পারি?
āmi ki āpanākē sāhāyya karatē pāri?

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Bengali contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Directions

Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.

Giving Directions in Bengali

Directions Bengali
Can you help me?আপনি কি আমাকে সাহায্য করবেন?
Āpani ki āmākē sāhāyya karabēna?
Can you show me?আপনি কি আমাকে দেখাতে পারেন?
Āpani ki āmākē dēkhātē pārēna?
Come with me!আমার সঙ্গে আসুন!
Āmāra saṅgē āsuna!
Downtown (city center)শহরের মাঝখানে
Śaharēra mājhakhānē
Excuse me! (to ask someone)একটু শুনবেন!
ēkaṭu śunabēna!
Go straightসোজা যান
Sōjā yāna
How can I get to the museum? আমি কি ভাবে জাদুঘরে/মিউসিয়ামে যেতে পার?
āmi ki bhābē jādugharē/mi'usiẏāmē yētē pāra?
How long does it take to get there?ওখানে যেতে কত সময় লাগবে?
Ōkhānē yētē kata samaẏa lāgabē?
I'm lostআমি হারিয়ে গেছি
Āmi hāriẏē gēchi
I'm not from hereআমি এখানে থাকি না
āmi ēkhānē thāki nā
It's far from hereএটা এখান থেকে দূরে
ēṭā ēkhāna thēkē dūrē
It's near hereএটা এখান থেকে কাছে
ēṭā ēkhāna thēkē kāchē
One moment please!অনুগ্রহ করে একটু সময় দিন !
anugraha karē ēkaṭu samaẏa dina!
Turn leftবাঁ দিকে ঘুরুন
Bām̐ dikē ghuruna
Turn rightডান দিকে ঘুরুন
ḍāna dikē ghuruna
Farদূরে
dūrē
Hereএখানে
ēkhānē
Leftবাঁ দিক
bām̐ dika
Rightডান দিক
ḍāna dika
Nearনিকটে
nikaṭē
Straightসোজা
sōjā
Thereসেখানে
sēkhānē
To driveপ্রতি,-তে
prati,-tē
To turnঘোরা
ghōrā
To walkহাঁটা
hām̐ṭā
Traffic lightট্রাফিক বাতি
ṭrāphika bāti
Transportationযাতায়াত
yātāẏāta

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Daily Conversation in Bengali

Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Bengali. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Bengali Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Bengali

English Bengali
Do you speak English?আপনি কি ইংরাজি বলতে পারেন?
āpani ki inrāji balatē pārēna?
Just a littleএকটুখানি
Ēkaṭukhāni
What's your name?আপনার নাম কি?
āpanāra nāma ki?
My name is (John Doe)আমার নাম (জনার্দন)
Āmāra nāma (janārdana)
Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...শ্রী.../শ্রীমতী.../কুমারী...
śrī.../Śrīmatī.../Kumārī...
Nice to meet you!আপনার সঙ্গে আলাপ হয়ে ভাল লাগলো!
Āpanāra saṅgē ālāpa haẏē bhāla lāgalō!
You're very kind!আপনি খুব দয়ালু!
Āpani khuba daẏālu!

Fun Facts

Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..

Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Bengali about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Bengali Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Bengali homepage.

Lessons Bengali Lessons
Linguistic Bengali Vocabulary
Culture Bengali Phrases
Structure Bengali Grammar