Adjectives

Arabic Lesson 2 (Adjectives and Food)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Arabic Lessons
Linguistic Arabic Vocabulary
Culture Arabic Phrases
Structure Arabic Grammar

This second lesson teaches many important aspect in Arabic like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Arabic Classes.

Adjectives

Knowing adjectives in Arabic is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as "good", "bad", "right", "wrong" etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. Arabic is easy.

Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 4 columns (English, Arabic, Pronunciation and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Adjectives List in Arabic

Adjectives Arabic Pronunciation Audio
Tallطويلtaweel
Shortقصيرkaseer
Bigكبيرkabeer
Wideواسعwase'
Longطويلtaweel
Smallصغيرsagheer
Thickسميكsameek
Thinرقيقrakeek
Newجديدjadeed
Old (opposite of new)قديمkadeem
Cheapرخيصrakhees
Expensiveغاليghalee
Youngشابshaab
Old (opposite of young)عجوزajooz
Wrongخاطئkhate'
Right (correct)صحيحsaheeh
Goodجيدjayed
Badسيئsaye'
Difficultصعبsa'b
Easyسهلsahl

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Arabic sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Arabic Adjectives in a Sentence

English Arabic Pronunciation Audio
Am I right or wrong?هل أنا محق أم مخطئ؟hal ana muhiq am mukhte'?
Is he younger or older than you?هل هو أصغر أم أكبر منك سنا؟hal huwa asghar am akbar menka sinnan?
Is the test easy or difficult?هل الإختبار سهل أم صعب؟hal alekhtebar sahl am sa'b?
Is this book new or old?هل هذا الكتاب جديد أم قديم؟hal haza alketaab jadeed am kadeem?
This is so expensiveهذا مكلف جداhaza mukalef jidan

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Arabic contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Food

Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.

Food List in Arabic

Food Arabic Pronunciation Audio
Breakfastفطورfutoor
Lunchغداءghada'
Dinnerعشاءasha'
Mealوجبةwajba
Applesتفاحtufah
Avocadosأفوكادوavocado
Bananasموزmooz
Beansفاصولياfasulya
Breadخبزkhuhbz
Butterزبدةzubda
Carrots جزرjazar
Cheeseجبنjubn
Chickenدجاجdajaj
Coffeeقهوةqahwa
Cornذرةzura
Cucumbersخيارkhyar
Eggsبيضbayd
Figsتينteen
Fishسمكsamak
Foodطعامta'am
Fruitفاكهةfakeha
Garlicثومthawm
Grapesعنبenab
Ice creamبوظةbooza
Lemonsليمونlaymoon
Lettuceخسkhass
Meatلحمlahm
Milkحليبhaleeb
Olivesزيتونzaytoon
Onionsبصلbasal
Orange juiceعصير البرتقالaseer burtuqal
Orangesبرتقالburtuqal
Peachesخوخkhookh
Pearsكمثرىkumathra
Peppersفلفلfulful
Pineapplesأناناسananas
Pizzaبيتزاpizza
Potatoesبطاطاbatata
Pumpkinيقطينyakteen
Saladسلطةsalata
Saltملحmelh
Sandwichشطيرةshatira
Soda (like Coke)صوداsoda
Strawberriesفراولةfarawla
Sugarسكرsucar
Teaشايshay
Tomatoesطماطمtamatem
Vegetablesخضرواتkhadrawaat
Waterماءma'
Watermelonبطيخbateekh

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Daily Conversation in Arabic

Finally, a list of sentences If you simply want to ask a question, please vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Arabic Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Arabic

English Arabic Pronunciation Audio
Are you thirsty?هل انت عطشان؟hal anta atshaan?
I'm hungryأنا جائعana ja'e'
Do you have a bottle of water?هل لديك قنينة من الماء؟hal ladaik keneenat ma'?
Breakfast is readyالإفطار جاهزaleftar jahez
What kind of food do you like?أي نوع من الطعام تحب؟ay naw' men ataam tuheb?
I like cheeseأنا أحب الجبنana uheb aljubn
Bananas taste sweetالموز طعمه حلوalmawz ta'muh hulw
I don't like cucumberأنا لا أحب الخيارana la uheb alkhyar
I like bananasأنا أحب الموزana uheb almawz
Lemons taste sourالليمون طعمه حامضalaymoon ta'muh haamed
This fruit is deliciousهذه الفاكهة لذيذةhazeh alfakeha lazeeza
Vegetables are healthyالخضروات هي صحيةalkhadrawat hya sehya
Hi!مرحبا!marhaba!
Good morning!صباح الخير!sabah alkhyr!
Good afternoon!مساء الخير!masaa alkhyr!
Good evening!مساء الخير!masaa alkhyr!
Welcome!!أهلا وسهلاahla wa sahla
How are you? (informal)كيف حالك؟kayf haluk?
How are you? (formal)كيف حالكم؟kayf halukum?
What's up? (colloquial) ما الجديد؟maljadeed?
I'm fine, thank you!أنا بخير ,شكرا لك!ana bekhyr, shukran lak!
And you? (informal)و أنت؟wa ant?
And you? (formal)و أنتم؟wa antum?
Goodبخيرbekhyr

Fun Facts

Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.

Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in Arabic about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Arabic Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Arabic homepage.

Lessons Arabic Lessons
Linguistic Arabic Vocabulary
Culture Arabic Phrases
Structure Arabic Grammar